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National Library of Wales
Gwernyfed estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 GWEFED

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Gwernyfed Estate Records

Short Title: Gwernyfed estate, records

Creation date(s): 1461-1924

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.348 cubic metres (12 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Gwernyfed estate


Administrative/Biographical history: Sir David Williams (?1536-1613) bought the Gwernyfed estate in 1600 from John Gunter. Sir David's grandson, Sir Henry Williams (d. 1652) was created a baronet in 1644. Sir David's grand-daughter, Elizabeth Williams, carried by marriage the Gwernyfed estate to Sir Edward Williams (d. 1721) of Eltham, who was descended from the Williams family of Talyllyn. However the family title did not pass with the estate, but went to Sir Walter Williams. The estate descended in the male line until the death without a surviving son of Sir Edward Williams in 1804. He had married firstly, Mary, daughter of Isaac Leheup of Gunthorpe, Norfolk. Gwernyfed was inherited by his daughter, Mary Williams. She married Thomas Wood of Middlesex, and their son, Thomas Wood (1777-1860) was M.P. for Breconshire, 1806-1847. The estate remained in the hands of the Wood family until it was sold in 1922.


Scope and content/abstract: Title deeds of the Gwernyfed estate, Breconshire, mostly in that county, including the Llangors estate, 1461-1924; documents and maps relating to the course of the River Wye, 1753-1884; accounts of the Wye Fisheries Association, 1905-1924; records, 1613-1923, of the Gwenddwr Charity; accounts of the overseers of the poor of the parish of Aberllynfi, Breconshire, 1773-1836; papers relating to the fishery, weir and drainage of Llangors lake, 1753-1884; and records of the manors of Pipton, Glasbury, Gwernyfed, etc., 1561 (19 cent. copy)-1885. There are also a group of papers relating to the estate of the Leheup family of Gunthorpe, Norfolk, 1676-1749, and papers relating to the Lloyd family and the Peterwell estate, Cardiganshire, 18 cent.


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: The original order has been preserved by NLW

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC. The catalogue can be accessed online from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The archive was arranged into 85 bundles prior to its receipt at NLW.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Mrs E.R. Hore-Ruthven, Old Gwernyfed, in August 1955



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (London,2 vols, 1872), vol. I; The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002

Fisheries | Wales | Wye River
Gwernyfed Estate (Wales) | Archives
Manorial courts | Wales | Breconshire
Manors | Wales | Breconshire
Poor Laws | Wales | Aberllynfi
Williams family, | of Gwernyfed | Archives
Wye, River (Wales and England) | Maps

Personal names
Le Heup family , of Gunthorpe
Lloyd family , of Peterwell
Williams family , of Gwernyfed

Corporate names
Glasbury Manor (Wales)
Gunthorpe Estate (Norfolk, England)
Gwenddwr Charity
Gwernyfed Estate (Wales)
Gwernyfed Manor (Wales)
Llangors Estate (Wales)
Peterwell Estate (Wales)
Pipton Manor (Wales)
Wye Fisheries Association


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