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National Library of Wales
Penpont estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 PENPONT

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Penpont Estate Records

Short Title: Penpont estate, records

Creation date(s): 1314-1871

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.650 cubic metres (70 boxes, 1 volume)

Name of creator(s): Penpont estate


Administrative/Biographical history: In the 1660s Daniel Williams, son of the Rev. John Williams (c. 1610-d.1680), a descendant of the Williams family of Abercamlais, Breconshire, built the Penpont mansion and founded the Penpont branch of the family. The estate then descended in the male line, each heir being called Penry apart from Daniel Williams (who owned the estate 1681-1708) and Philip Williams (who owned the estate 1781-1794).The last male heir was Penry Boleyne Williams who died unmarried in 1893. According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Penry Williams of Penpont owned an estimated 7,010 acres, all in Breconshire, with an estimated annual rental of £4,370.


Scope and content/abstract: Estate and family records of the Williams family of Penpont, Breconshire, mostly relating to the estate in Breconshire, including deeds, 1314-1871; rentals, 1769-1807; assessments of taxes (window, land, house and horse) in the hundreds of Merthyr and Devynnock, Breconshire, 1743-1787; and letters from members of the Williams family of Penpont, 1793-1828.


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically by deposit into two series: 1936 deposit; and supplementary deeds and documents (1975 deposit)

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The catalogue can be acessed online from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Captain P.J. Murray in 1936, and by Mrs Josephine Murray, Penpont, Brecon, in October 1969. A group of 28 letters was purchased in October 1980.


Related material: The 28 letters purchased in 1980 are now NLW MS 15,586C. Further papers relating to the Penpont estate are Powys County Archives Office, B/D/ACA.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 1952); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV (1965-66); e-mail from Jonathan Williams, Cambridge, 14 May 2006.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: May 2002

Estate administration | Wales | Breconshire
Penpont Estate (Wales) | Archives
Taxation | Wales | Devynnock (Hundred)
Taxation | Wales | Merthyr (Hundred)
Williams family, | of Penpont | Correspondence

Personal names
Williams family , of Penpont

Corporate names
Penpont Estate (Wales)

Devynnock (Wales : Hundred)
Merthyr (Wales : Hundred)

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