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National Library of Wales
Brynbella 'Piozziana'

Reference code(s): GB 0210 BRYANA

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Brynbella 'Piozziana'

Short Title: Brynbella 'Piozziana'

Creation date(s): 1564-1857

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.029 cubic metres (1 box)

Name of creator(s): Bachegraig estate


Administrative/Biographical history: Hester Lynch Piozzi (1741-1821) was the daughter of John Salusbury (1710-1762) of Bachegraig, governor of Nova Scotia, and Hester Maria (d. 1773), a descendant of the Salusbury family of Lleweni. Hester inherited the Salusbury family's Bachegraig estate on the death of her mother. The estate comprised Bachegraig House, a wood, a few farms, a dilapidated church and a few cottages. Bachegraig was the earliest example of a brick house in Wales, erected by Sir Richard Clough in 1567 at the foot of Tremeirchion Hill. Hester married firstly, Henry Thrale (d. 1781), a London brewer. In 1784, she married secondly, Gabriele Piozzi (d. 1809), an Italian music master. Hester and Gabriele Piozzi built a new house on the estate called Brynbella, taking up residence in 1795. Hester was part of a literary circle, and was a friend and correspondent of Dr Samuel Johnson. In January 1798 Hester and Gabriele adopted Giovanne Battiste, the five year-old son of Gabriele's brother. The boy became known as John Piozzi (d. 1858). The Brynbella estate passed to John on his marriage to Harriet Maria Pemberton of Condover Hall, Shropshire. Hester thereafter resided at Bath. John was knighted in 1817 and became known as Sir John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds, 1564-1857, relating to the Bachegraig estate, Flintshire; brief diary entries of Gabriel and Hester Lynch Piozzi, 1797-1812 (NLW MSS 11096-11102); correspondence, 1756-1823 (NLW MS 11103D); heraldic and genealogical records, 1813 (NLW Rolls 223); and a survey and valuation of the Bachegraig estate, 1790, which also includes accounts, 1788-1807 (NLW MS 11104C).


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin, French

System of arrangement: Arranged into deeds and manuscripts. The deeds are arranged chronologically. The manuscripts are arranged into NLW MSS 11096-11104 and NLW Roll 223.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The manusripts are described in NLW, Handlist of Manuscripts, vol.III, pp. 306-7. The catalogue can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All the records donated to NLW have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated by Mrs K. M. Evans, Brynbella, St Asaph, in May 1944.


Related material: The archive was split up on receipt at NLW. Diaries and correspondence were transferred to NLW MSS; heraldic and geneaological records were transferred to NLW Rolls series; maps were added to the Map Collections and printed books were transferred to the Department of Printed Books.
The main collection of Hester Lynch Piozzi's papers are Manchester University, John Rylands Library, Eng MSS 530-660 and 891-893. Further papers relating to their Welsh estates are NLW Deeds 495-533.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); and Fowler, E.G., John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury The Italian Welshman (Ruthin, 1993).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2;and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002


Personal names
Piozzi , Gabriele Mario , 1740-1809
Piozzi , Hester Lynch , 1741-1821

Corporate names
Bachegraig Estate (Wales)


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