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National Library of Wales
Rhiwlas estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 RHIWLAS

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Rhiwlas Estate Records

Short Title: Rhiwlas estate, records

Creation date(s): [c. 1563], 1609-1937

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.234 cubic metres (8 boxes, 1 roll)

Name of creator(s): Rhiwlas estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Price family of Rhiwlas claim descent from a distinguished line of uchelwyr who settled in south-west Denbighshire. The family included Rhys ap Maredudd, alias Rhys Mawr, who fought for Henry Tudor at Bosworth in 1485. His son, Sir Robert ap Rhys became chaplain to Cardinal Wolsey and benefited greatly following the dissolution of the monasteries through the acquisition of land. It was Robert's third son, Cadwaladr, who actually settled at, and laid the foundation of the Rhiwlas estate during the second quarter of the sixteenth century. Much of the estate lands in Denbighshire and Flintshire were acquired by various members of the Price family through prudent marriages.
The Crown lands of Pentyrch, Gest, and Rhedynogfelen in Eifionydd, Caernarfonshire, on the other hand, had originally been purchased by Charles Jones, the younger brother of Sir William Jones of Castellmarch, but eventually by a fortuitous failing of more direct heirs, passed to Colonel William Price, son of Sir William's sister, Eleanor, wife of John Price of Rhiwlas.
William Price II (1690-1774), grandson of Col. William Price married twice: firstly, Mary, daughter of Pryce Devereux, 9th Viscount Herefordshire, and secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Richard, Viscount Bulkeley, of Baron Hill, Anglesey. His eldest son, William Price III, died without issue in his father's lifetime (there was no issue from the second marriage), and the estate passed to William's brother, Richard Price Thelwall (1720-1775). He was unmarried, but twenty years earlier he had fathered an illegitimate son in London, who was known by the name of Richard Tavistock Watkin. Richard Price Thelwall only lived to enjoy the benefits of his inheritance, the Rhiwlas estate, for a year, for he died in 1775 at the age of fifty-five. Thelwall left the Rhiwlas estate to his natural son, Richard Tavistock Watkin, who became known as Richard Tavistock Price. He married the daughter of Richard Kenrick of Nantclwyd, Denbighshire, and borrowed heavily, mainly through mortgaging parts of the estate He was not to enjoy his inheritance for long, as he died at the age of thirty-nine years in 1794, leaving his encumbered estate in trust for his thirteen year old son, Richard Watkin Price.
Richard Watkin Price (1780-1860), married Frances, daughter of John Lloyd of Rhagad, near Corwen, heiress to the Rhiwaedog estate, Merioneth, through the will of Ann Sophia Iles, the last lineal descendant of the Lloyd family of Rhiwaedog. They had one son, Richard John Price, born in 1804. He married Charlotte, daughter of Edward Lloyd of Rhagad in 1837. However, he was to die in 1842, at the age of thirty-eight years. In the following year a posthumous son was born to Charlotte, named Richard John Lloyd Price, who inherited the Rhiwlas estate at the age of seventeen years on the death of his grandfather, Richard Watkin Price, in 1860. He was a lifelong sportsman and lover of animals and something of an entrepreneur, with a highly developed sense of marketing. He wrote several books, and amongst his business ventures were the establishment of the Welsh Whisky Distillery at Fron-goch, and the Rhiwlas Brush Works. He married Evelyn Gregge-Hopgood in 1869, and their son, Robert Kenrick Price was born the following year. He died in 1927.


Scope and content/abstract: Rhiwlas estate records, [c. 1563], 1609-1888, including deeds, 1609-1888; rentals, 1796-1855; legal papers, [c. 1563], [c. 1632]-1847, including papers relating to a 19th century dispute about diverting the river Meloch; family and personal papers, 1631-1937, including family trust papers relating to the estate of Thomas Jones (d. 1819), rector of Derwen, Montgomeryshire, and brother-in-law of Richard Watkin Price; non-family trust papers relating to the estate of John Lloyd of Wigfair and Hafodunos; and letters, mainly from the first half of the 19th century, mainly to Richard Watkin Price.


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged into estate papers, family and personal papers, and non-family trusts, and chronologically by record type within these three groups.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited in 1949 by Lieutenant-Colonel Kenrick Jack Price, DSO, MC, of Rhiwlas, Y Bala, Merioneth


Related material: Further papers of the Rhiwlas estate are Meirionnydd Archives, Z/DDD. A number of early nineteenth century plans of Rhiwlas demesne and Waen y Bala Common are NLW, Map Collections, PG 6019.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following source was used in the compilation of this description: NLW, Schedule of Rhiwlas Estate Papers.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002

Estate administration | Wales | Merioneth
Price family, | of Rhiwlas | Archives
Rhiwlas Estate (Bala, Wales) | Archives

Personal names
Jones , Thomas , d. 1819
Lloyd , John , 1749-1815
Price family , of Rhiwlas

Corporate names
Rhiwlas Estate (Bala, Wales)
Wigfair Estate (Wales)


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