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National Library of Wales
Cymerau estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 CYMERAU

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Cymerau Estate Records

Short Title: Cymerau estate, records

Creation date(s): 1612-1978

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.87cubic metres (23 boxes, 2 rolls)

Name of creator(s): Cymerau estate, Cardiganshire


Administrative/Biographical history: In 1852 the Aber-mad estate was bought by Lewis Pugh, grandson of Humphrey Pugh and Elizabeth of Pen-y-graig, Llanychaearn, Cardiganshire. Lewis Pugh made an estimated fortune of a quarter of a million pounds after he bought the lease of the Copa Hill mine, Cwm Ystwyth, in 1834 after the Alderson brothers were declared bankrupt; a lease which he surrendered in 1844. He died in 1868 and the Aber- mad estate, comprising eleven farms in the Ystwyth valley and extensive sheep walks on Pumlumon, passed to his nephew, Lewis Pugh Evans (1837-1908) of Lovesgrove, Cardiganshire, on condition that he assumed the name and arms of Pugh.
The Pugh family also owned Cymerau in the parish of Eglwys-fach, Cardiganshire. Major-General Lewis Pugh (d. 1981) left Cymerau in 1978 to live in Montgomeryshire. He was the son of Major Herbert Owain Pugh, who was born at Aber-mad in 1874 and the grandson of Lewis Pugh Pugh (1837-1908).


Scope and content/abstract: Family and estate papers of the Pugh family of Cymerau and Aber-mad, Cardiganshire, 1612-1987, including deeds, 1612-1897, domestic and private account books, and estate accounts of the Cymerau and Aber-mad estates, second half of the 19 cent.-20cent, business and financial papers and correspondence, late 19cent.-20cent., many relating to the Garnant Collieries Company, family and personal correspondence, late19cent.-20cent., much of which was written by members of the family while serving in India, and including correspondence between Lewis Pugh Pugh, M.P. for co. Cardigan (1837-1908), and his wife Veronica Harriet Pugh.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: The first deposit is arranged chronologially.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue of the first deposit is available at NLW. The three later deposits, which include the most important papers, remain uncatalogued. The catalogue can be accessed online from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Major H.O. Pugh, Cymerau, Glandyfi in 1939; by Major-General Lewis O. Pugh, Cymerau, Machynlleth, in April 1978 and October 1979; and by Mrs Wanda Pugh, Wonastow, Gwent, in 1982.


Related material: A number of albums of family portraits, loose photographs, picture postcards are in National Library of Wales, Special Collections.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Jones, Francis, Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families (Newport, 2000).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002

Coal mines and mining | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Cymerau Estate (Wales) | Archives
Estate administration | Wales | Ceredigion
India | Social life and customs | 19th century
India | Social life and customs | 20th century
Pugh family, | of Cymerau and Aber-mad | Archives
Pugh, Lewis Pugh, | 1837-1908 | Correspondence

Personal names
Pugh , Lewis Pugh , 1837-1908
Pugh , Veronica Harriet
Pugh family , of Cymerau and Aber-mad

Corporate names
Aber-mad Estate (Wales)
Cymerau Estate (Wales)
Garnant Collieries Company

Garnant (Wales)

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