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National Library of Wales
Powis Castle estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 POWIS

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Powis Castle Estate Records

Short Title: Powis Castle estate, records

Creation date(s): 13-20 cent.

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 12 cubic metres (1,562 volumes, 419 boxes, 24 files and 9 rolls)

Name of creator(s): Powis Castle estate

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: Sir Edward Herbert (d. 1595) was the second son of William Herbert (c. 1501-1570), 1st earl of Pembroke of the second creation. In 1587 Sir Edward bought Powis Castle (Y Castell Coch ym Mhowys) and the lordship of Powys from Edward Grey, the illegitimate son of Edward Grey (d. 1551), 4th baron Grey de Powis, and feudal lord of Powys.
His son, William Herbert (1573-1656), was created 1st baron Powis. His grandson, William Herbert (c. 1629-1696), 3rd baron Powis, was created Marquis of Powis, whilst his own grandson, William Herbert (c. 1698-1748), the 3rd Marquis, died unmarried, when all his honours became extinct. The estate passed to his heir, Barbara Herbert (1735-c. 1786), being the posthumous daughter and heir of Lord Edward Herbert, the 3rd marquis's only brother. She married Henry Arthur Herbert (c. 1703-1772) of Oakley Park, Montgomeryshire, in 1751. He was only remotely related to the late marquis (their common ancestor being Sir William ap Thomas, eight generations previously), but had already been created Earl of Powis in 1748, only two months after the death of the late marquis (and earl) of Powis, and three years before he married the marquis's heiress.
Henry and Barbara were succeeded by their son, George Edward Henry Arthur Herbert (1755-1801), 2nd earl of Powis, who also died unmarried, when all his honours became extinct. His estates passed to his sister and sole surviving heir, Henrietta Antonia (1758-1830), the wife of Edward Clive (1754-1839), 2nd baron Clive of Plassey, the son and heir of Robert Clive (1725-1774), (Clive of India). Their son, another Edward (1785-1848), 2nd earl Powis, took the surname Herbert in lieu of that of Clive, in accordance with his maternal uncle's will. His descendants continued until at least 1988, when George William Herbert (b. 1925), 7th earl, succeeded in 1988. Powis Castle was bequeathed to the National Trust in 1952, although it remained in part a private home until 1988.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Herbert family of Montgomery and Powis Castle, later earls of Powis, 13-20 cent., including records of the Powis Castle estate, including title deeds, mainly in Montgomeryshire and adjacent counties, notably Shropshire, 13-20 cent.; records of lead and silver mining in Cardiganshire, 18-19 cent.; records of the Castle Island estate, County Kerry, Ireland, 16-19 cent.; manorial records for the barony of Powis from 1549, the lordship of Oswestry from 1577, the manors of Cydewain, Halcetor and Montgomery from 1525, Chirbury from 1373, Pool from 1653, the borough of Llanfyllin from 1653, and many others; records of the borough of Llanfyllin, 1674-1820 including records of the Court of Record (borough court), 1674-1721, 1761-1763; estate rentals, 1712-1941; rentals of chief rents, 1676, 1745-1897 (mainly 1745-1817); correspondence, mainly 17-19 cent.; and papers relating to Chartism in Montgomeryshire, 1831-1842.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged as follows: Powis Castle correspondence; Powis Castle deeds and documents; Powis manorial records (Group I); Powis manorial records (Group II); Political and other letters; Letters and documents relating to the proposed union of the dioceses of St Asaph and Bangor; Powis Castle Archives [relating to the barony of Powis], Powis Castle rentals, Powis Castle Maps and Powis (1990 Deposit.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC. Much of the 1980s deposits remains uncatalogued. The catalogues can be accessed online from http://www.llgc.org.uk:81/index.htm
Further details about manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from http://www.mdr.nationalarchives.gov.uk/mdr/

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at the National Library of Wales have been retained apart from papers relating to the Montgomeryshire Yeoman Cavalry which were withdrawn in 1949. The papers of Edward Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648) and Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive (1725-1774) have been removed from the Powis Castle archive and catalogued as separate archives, and the same is planned for the papers of Brigadier-General John Carnac (1721-1800).

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: The archive was deposited between 1932 and 1989.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Further papers are NLW MSS 5295-313, Dolforgan Estate Records (Previously J. B. Willans Deeds & Documents) 405-545, and Powysland Club (1982) Deposit, both at the National Library of Wales. Bound volumes of estate maps and surveys, 1717-1858, rolled maps, 1766-1899, enclosure awards and maps, Montgomeryshire, 1799-1821, and enclosure awards and maps, Shropshire, 1802-1837, are in National Library of Wales, Map Collections. Other estate records are held by the Shropshire Record and Research Centre.

Publication note: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, 10th Report (1885); 'Old Herbert Papers at Powis castle and The British Museum', Montgomeryshire Collections, XX (1886); Davies, J. Conway, 'Deposited Collections 13. The Powis Castle Collection, I. Legal Papers', National Library of Wales Journal, III (1943-4); Index of English Literary Manuscripts, vol., 1 (1450-1625). ed., P. Beal (London, 1980), part 2.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this record: Complete Peerage (London, 8 vols, 1887-1897), vol. VI; Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Debrett's Peerage (London, 1990).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: September 2001


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Court records | Wales | Llanfyllin (Borough)
Estate administration | England | Shropshire
Estate administration | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Herbert family | of Powis and Montgomery | Archives
Lead mines and mining | Wales | Cardiganshire
Manorial courts | England | Shropshire
Manorial courts | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Manors | England | Shropshire
Manors | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Powis Castle Estate (Wales) | Archives
Silver mines and mining | Wales | Cardiganshire

Personal names
Clive family , of Walcott
Herbert family , of Powis and Montgomery

Corporate names
Castle Island Estate (Ireland)
Cedewain Manor (Wales)
Chirbury Manor (England)
Halcetor Manor (Wales)
Llanfyllin (Wales)
Montgomery Manor, Borough and Lordship (Wales)
Oswestry Lordship (England)
Powis (Wales: Barony)
Powis Castle Estate (Wales)

Places

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