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National Library of Wales
Bachymbyd estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 BACBYD

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Bachymbyd Estate Records

Short Title: Bachymbyd estate, records

Creation date(s): 1243-1910 (predominately 1417-1820]

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 1.334 cubic metres (32 boxes, 2 wooden cases, 1 roll, 5 volumes)

Name of creator(s): Bachymbyd estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Salusbury family was established at Bachymbyd, Denbighshire, by John Salusbry, the fourth son of Thomas Salusbury of Lleweni (d. 1471). The family acquired the Rug estate in Merioneth following the marriage of John's eldest son, Piers, with Margaret Wen, daughter and heir of Ieuan ap Howel ap Rhys, lord of Corwen. Rug rather than Bachymbyd became the most important family seat, though most of the estate comprised the Bachymbyd portion around Ruthin in Denbighshire. The estate expanded further when Sir John Salusbry (d. 1580) acquired the lordship of Glyndyfrdwy. The entire estate was divided into two by William Salesbury following a bitter quarrel between him and his eldest son Owen over the latter's marriage to Mary, daughter of Gabriel Goodman of Abenbury, Flintshire. William split the estate between Owen, who received the Rug and Merioneth portion of the estate, and his second son, Charles, who received the Bachymbyd and Denbighshire portion. Charles Salusbury died without heirs and the Bachymbyd estate was inherited by his daughter Jane, who married Sir Charles Bagot of Blithfield, Staffordshire, in 1670. Despite an attempt to reunite the two estates by Jane's nephew, William Salusbury, in the court of Chancery in the mid-1670s (which resulted in William's brother Gabriel fleeing to the continent for a while for procuring a forged deed) the estate remained in the hands of the Bagot family until most of it (17,500 acres) was sold in 1928. Sometime prior to 1723 the Bagot family acquired Pool Park, some three miles away from Bachymbyd, which eventually became the Bagot family's chief seat in Wales. For a century at least, the estate was administered in two units: Bachymbyd and Pool Park and, certainly by the time the estate was sold in 1928, the estate was known as Pool Park rather than Bachymbyd.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds, 1243-1801 (mainly 1550-1700) relating to the Bachymbyd and Rug portions of the estate, but mainly the former, rentals, 1669-1933, maps, plans, surveys, etc., mainly 1750 onwards, and letters, 1545 onwards; ministers' accounts and receiver generals' accounts of the Devereux family, lord Ferrers, 1404-1409, 1525-1551, a grant from Owain Glyn Dwr, 1392, legal papers in a cause in Chancery relating to the ownership of the estate, 1674-1677, and Civil War papers, including the papers of William Salesbury, the royalist Governor of Denbigh castle 1643-1646.


Language/scripts of material: English , Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged into three groups: Bagor letters, Bachymbyd deeds and Bachymbyd rentals.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW. The publication by W. H. Smith mentioned in the publication field serves as the catalogue for the early correspondence. A substantial number of deeds and family letters, mainly 1710-1730, 1800-1820, remain uncatalogued. An online catalogue of the Bachymbyd Estate Rentals can be accessed from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited or purchased by NLW have been retained apart from records relating to the English estate deposited in 1942 which were deposited by NLW at Staffordshire Record Office in October 1983.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: It appears that the Welsh portion of the Bagot estate archive was housed at Pool Park until it was sold in 1928 and the records transferred to Blithfield. Another part of the archive, almost all relating to the English estate, was held by Messrs Foyer, White and Prescott, the estate's London solicitors. These records were transferred to the National Library of Wales in 1942 after the firm's offices suffered bomb damage to be followed in the next two years by the records of the Welsh estate.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Messrs Foyer, White, Borrett & Blacls, London, in October 1942, by Lord Bagot of Blithfield, Staffordshire, in 1943 and 1944, and by Lady Bagot in March 1975. The first three deposits were purchased by NLW in 1978 and the last in 1986.


Related material: Most of the English estate records are Staffordshire Record Office, D 986, 1404, 1721, (W) 1810, 3108, 3259-60, 3943, 4038, 4173, 4381, 4752 and 5700. Further deeds, family papers etc., relating to the Rug estate before it was detached from the Bachymbyd estate are Caernarfon Record Office, Newborough Archive, and a number of maps are in NLW, Map Collections.

Publication note: The letters of the Salusburys of Rug, 1565-[1694x1718] are calendared in Smith, W. H., Calendar of Salusbury correspondence, 1553-circa 1700 (Cardiff, 1954).


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 , (London, 1959), Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Angelsey and Carnarvonshire Families , (Horncastle, 1914), Principal family and estate collections, A-K , (London, 1995).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2001

Bachymbyd Estate (Wales) | Archives
Bagot family, | Barons of Blithfield | Archives
Estate administration | Wales | Denbighshire
Great Britain | History | Civil War, 1642-1649

Personal names
Bagot family , Barons of Blithfield
Devereux family , Viscounts Hereford
Glendower , Owen , ca. 1354-1416
Salisbury , William , fl. 1580-1659

Corporate names
Bachymbyd Estate (Wales)
Denbigh Castle (Wales)
Pool Park Estate (Wales)
Rug Estate (Wales)

Great Britain ()

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