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National Library of Wales
Llanllyr estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 LLANLLYR

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Llanllyr Estate Records

Short Title: Llanllyr estate, records

Creation date(s): 1631-1861

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.058 cubic metres (2 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Llanllyr estate


Administrative/Biographical history: Llanllyr in the parish of Llanfihangel Ystrad, Cardiganshire, was originally a convent for Cistercian nuns, and a cell of the Cistercian abbey of Strata Florida. After dissolution the convent was leased in 1537 by the Crown for 21 years to Gruffydd ap Henry ap Ieuan of Glyn Aeron. Siwan, Gruffydd's daughter and coheir, married Hugh Llewelyn Lloyd, the third son of Llewelyn Lloyd of Castell Howell. The Llanllyr estate remained in the Lloyd family until the death of William Lloyd in 1688.
William Lloyd had mortgaged the estate for £800 to William Sumner of Great Pelicott, Buckinghamshire, and when he died, Sumner foreclosed, and installed his son, Henry Sumner and a bailiff at Llanllyr. Bridget Lloyd, William Lloyd's widow, claiming dowry, came back with a crowd of friends stormed the house and proceeded to pull it down until Sumner fled in terror. In 1696 the house was described as decayed and in the hands of Sumner's tenant. In 1720 Henry Sumner sold Llanllyr to John Lewes (1680-1742), a Carmarthen merchant, the eldest son of David Lewes, the second son of Rev. John Lewes (1616-63) of Llysnewydd. On the death of his cousin, John Lewes inherited the ancestral estate of Llysnewydd in the parish of Llangeler, Carmarthenshire. John's third son, John Lewes (1793-1860), a captain of the 23rd Light Dragoons, was given Llanllyr on his marriage to Mary Anne (1802-42), daughter of John Vaughan Lloyd of Brynog, and went to live there. His son, John Lewes (1829-1900), married in 1858 with Mary Jane, daughter of Rev. C. Griffith of Llwyndrwys, and used her money to buy his father's interest in Llanllyr. Llanllyr house was demolished and rebuilt under Colonel John Lewes. He was succeeded by his son John Lewes (1860-1931), who married in 1890 with Louisa Hext from Cornwall.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds and documents, 1631-1861, relating to the Llanllyr estate in Cardiganshire, Carmarthen, and Llangynog and Merthyr in Carmarthenshire, together with a toll book, 1796-1833, of Talsarn fairs.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. An on-line catalogue can be accessed from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by J. Hext Lewes of Llanllyr in 1958


Related material: Further papers relating to the Lewes families of Llanllyr and Llysnewydd are NLW, Llysnewydd Estate Records; NLW, Llanaeron 141, being papers, 1888-1921, concerning the case of Lewes v. Busk, including biographical details, 1786-1919, of the Lewis, Lewes and Boultbee families; and Carmarthenshire Archive Service, Llysnewydd and Llanllyr Estate Records.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Lewes, J. Hext, 'Llanllyr, 1180-1980', Ceredigion, vol. vi (1971); Jones, Francis, Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families (Newport, 2000).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2001.

Estate administration | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Estate administration | Wales | Ceredigion
Fairs | Wales | Tal-sarn (Ceredigion)

Personal names
Lewes family , of Llanllyr
Lewes family , of Llysnewydd and Llanllyr

Corporate names
Llanllyr Estate (Wales)


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