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National Library of Wales
Llysnewydd estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 LLYYDD

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Llysnewydd Estate Records

Short Title: Llysnewydd estate, records

Creation date(s): 1366-1954 (predominately 1600-1930)

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.4 cubic metres (15 boxes, 2 volumes)

Name of creator(s): Llysnewydd estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Lewes family was descended from the Lewes family of Abernantbychan, Cardiganshire. John Lewes (1680-1742) of Carmarthen married Hester Beynon of Castell Gorfod and purchased the Llanllyr estate in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire in 1720 from Henry Sumner. John and Hestor's son, John Lewes (1711-1783) of Llanllyr married Rebecca Price of Dyffryn, Carmarthenshire. He inherited Llysnewydd in the parish of Llangeler, Carmarthenshire, on the death of a cousin. Llysnewydd itself had been in the possession of the Lewes family since 1610 when John Lewes, third son of David Lewes of Gernos, Cardiganshire, purchased the property.
John and Rebecca's son and heir was William Lewes (1746-1828) of Llysnewydd and Llanllyr, who also inherited the Dyffryn estate after 1805 from his relative William Jones. The Dyffryn estate remained in the family until 1882 . It was in the possession of a Colonel W.N. Jones in about 1920.
The Llysnewydd and Llanllyr estates were split up after the death of William Lewes (1746-1828). His eldest son, William Lewes (1789-1848) inherited Llysnewydd. His family still occupied Llysnewydd in 1984. The Llanllyr estate was inherited by William's third son, Captain John Lewes (1793-1860) who was given Llanllyr on his marriage to Mary Anne (1802-42), daughter of John Vaughan Lloyd of Brynog, Cardiganshire, and resided at Brynog. His son, John Lewes (1829-1900) married Mary Jane Griffiths of Llwyndyrys, daughter of the Rev. C. Griffith in 1858. Following his marriage, John Lewes bought his father out of the Llanllyr estate. Llanllyr house was demolished and rebuilt under Colonel John Lewes. He was succeeded by his son John Lewes (1860-1931), who married Louisa Hext from Cornwall in 1890.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds relating to the Llysnewydd estate in Carmarthenshire, 1429-1954, Pembrokeshire, England and Ireland, [early 14 cent].-1906; deeds, letters, accounts, etc., relating to industrial development, mainly coal mining, in the Gwendraeth valley, Carmarthenshire, 1645-1760, 1859-1913; deeds of the Gwastod Gwrda estate in the parish of Llanddewibrefi, Cardiganshire, 1731-1892; correspondence, 1704-1919; accounts, 1618-1899, 1945-1946; legal papers, 1707-1880; and maps and plans, 1801-1907.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by bundles into the following sections: Carmarthenshire deeds; wills, etc.; Pembroke, England and Ireland; Carmarthenshire industrial deeds; Cardiganshire deeds, letters, rentals and accounts; legal papers; maps and plans; printed material, additional documents and diaries of T.P. Lewes. Very few of these bundles can be described as original bundles, most of them have been formed in the course of sorting and arranging the collection in NLW. The two additional groups which have been donated are arranged chronologically.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The catalogue can be accessed online from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: The first group was deposited by Mr. J.G. Protheroe-Beynon, Laugharne, and Mrs Gladys M. Fraser, Llanfair, Llandysul, in 1958. The second group was donated by Mr. David Birch per Mr. Duncan Cameron, Aberaeron, in 1991, and the third group was donated by Mr. David S. Downey, Aberaeron, in 1992.


Related material: Plans of properties on the Dyffryn estate and maps of Gwastad and other properties in Llanddewibrefi,Cardiganshire, and of Grogwynon and Wernfwyalch in the parish of Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, are in NLW, Map Collections. A bundle of printed papers are also held in NLW. Further papers relating to Llysnewydd estate are in NLW, Amphlett Lewis & Evans Collection (uncatalogued), NLW, Llysnewydd Estate Records, and Carmarthenshire Archive Service, Llysnewydd and Llanllyr Estate Records.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Jones, Francis, Historic Carmarthenshire Homes and their families (Newport, 1997); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (London, 2 vols 1872), vol. I.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; ACCR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2001

Coal mines and mining | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Estate administration | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Gwastod Gwrda Estate (Wales) | Archives
Industrial Revolution | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Industrialization | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Lewes family, | of Llanllyr | Archives
Lewes family, | of Llysnewydd and Dyffryn | Archives
Lewes family, | of Llysnewydd and Llanllyr | Archives
Llysnewydd Estate (Wales) | Archives

Personal names
Lewes family , of Llanllyr
Lewes family , of Llysnewydd and Dyffryn
Lewes family , of Llysnewydd and Llanllyr

Corporate names
Dyffryn Estate (Carmarthenshire, Wales)
Llysnewydd Estate (Wales)


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