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National Library of Wales
Dolforgan estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 DOLGAN

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Dolforgan Estate Records

Short Title: Dolforgan estate, records

Creation date(s): 1570-1879

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.457 cubic metres (18 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Dolforgan estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Dolforgan estate was originally extremely modest (two capital messuages and six messuages and pasture in 1678). In 1772, John Herbert of Dolforgan married Avarina Brunetta Owen. Through this marriage John Herbert acquired the Llynlleoedd estate centred on Machynlleth. He also purchased lands from the 1780s onwards.
The 1772 marriage settlement created a charge of £10,000 to provide for the younger children of the marriage, and the estate was mortgaged in 1809 to raise this sum when the younger children came of age. Over-generous marriage settlements added to the estate's debts, which totalled £51,000 in 1865.
John and Averina's eldest son, John Owen Herbert, married Harriet Johnson of Southstoke, Somerset, in 1823. The only child of this marriage, Harriet Averina Brunetta Herbert, married Walter Long of Rood Ashton, Wiltshire, in 1846, but died the following year. Her husband died soon afterwards, having devised the estate to his father, Walter Long the elder. In 1867, following the death of Walter Long the elder, the estate was inherited by his second son, Richard Penruddocke Long. He was finally forced to sell most of the estate in 1870, for £76,500 to James Walton of Cwmllecoediog. The remainder of the estate was sold, again to Walton, between 1871 and 1874. The return of owners of land, 1873, credited James Walton with an estate with an estimated acreage of 5,562 acres with an estimated rental of £3,078. In 1894, Walton sold the estate to John William Willans, a distinguished engineer.


Scope and content/abstract: Estate records, almost all title deeds, of the Dolforgan and Llynlleoedd estates, Montgomeryshire, 1570-1879, together with papers, mainly rentals, accounts, and particulars, of the following manors belonging to the Powis Castle estate: Kerry, Cydewain and Halcetor, 1579-1745, Strata Marcella, 1623-1702, and Tirymynech, 1650-[mid-18 cent.].


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into two groups: Dolforgan estate papes and Powis Castle manorial records.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue under the former title, J.B. Willans Deeds and Documents, are available at NLW and HMC. The 1987 purchase is listed in NLW, Minor Lists and Summaries 1987, pp. 125-6. An online catalogue under the current title, Dolforgan Estate Records, can be accessed from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by John Bancroft Willans of Dolforgan in 1921, 1933 and March 1976. A further group was purchased by NLW from Andrew Guest of Stirling in February 1987.


Related material: For further records relating to the Dolforgan estate, see NLW, H. Noel Jerman Papers and NLW, Willans Family Papers.


Note: Formerly J. B. Willans Deeds and Documents. Current title supplied from contents of fonds; former title based on name of depositor.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham.
The following source was used in the compilation of this description: NLW, Schedule of J. B. Willans Deeds and Documents.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: May 2001

Dolforgan Estate (Wales) | Archives
Estate administration | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Herbert family, | of Dolforgan | Archives
Manorial courts | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Manors | Wales | Montgomeryshire
Owen family, | of Llynlleoedd | Archives

Personal names

Corporate names
Cedewain Manor (Wales)
Dolforgan Estate (Wales)
Halcetor Manor (Wales)
Kerry Manor (Wales)
Powis Castle Estate (Wales)
Tirymynech Manor (Wales)
Ystrad Marchell Manor (Wales)


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