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National Library of Wales
Dolaucothi estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 DOLTHI

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Dolaucothi Estate Records

Short Title: Dolaucothi estate, records

Creation date(s): [16 cent.]-1939

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 2.441 cubic metres (130 boxes, 13 envelopes, 5 rolls, 3 pictures, 94 vols)

Name of creator(s): Dolaucothi estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Johnes family acquired the Dolaucothi estate in Carmarthenshire following the marriage of Anne, the widow of James Lewis of Llanbadarn Fawr, Radnorshire, and daughter and heir of John Thomas of Cryngae and Dolaucothi, with James Johnes (alive 1586), the youngest son of Sir Thomas Johnes (alive 1541-1544) of Abermarlais, Carmarthenshire, and Haroldston, Pembrokeshire.
The Dolaucothi estate continued in the male line of the same family, which in the eighteenth century became linked by marriage to the Knights of Croft Castle and to Thomas Johnes of Hafod. The Dolaucothi estate descended directly to John Johnes (1800-1876), who was succeeded by his daughters and co-heirs, Charlotte Anna Maria (1825-1911, dsp.) the wife of Charles Caesar Cookman, and Elizabeth (dsp. 1927) the wife of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir James Hills who adopted the surname Hills-Johnes (1833-1919) He was the son of James Hills of Neechindipore, Bengal. Elizabeth bequeathed Dolaucothi to her kinsman, the Rev. Herbert Thomas Lloyd-Johnes (1871-1958). He was succeeded by his son Major Herbert Johnes Lloyd-Johnes (b. 1900).


Scope and content/abstract: Estate records of the Dolaucothi estate, Carmarthenshire,and family papers, [16-20 cent.], of the Johnes and Hills-Johnes families of including extensive correspondence comprising over 15,000 letters, 1673-1939, deeds relating to the Dolaucothi estate, mainly in Carmarthenshire, 1610-1899, and military papers of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir James Hill-Johnes (d. 1919).


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: The catalogued part of the archive is arranged into the Dolaucothi Collection, comprising miscellaneous estate, county administration and personal papers; Dolaucothi Deeds; and Dolaucothi Correspondence.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of a summary list and an indexed catalogue of the Dolaucothi Correspondence (12 vols) are available at NLW and HMC. The main bulk of the archive, including most of the estate deeds, estate management records, personal and family papers - apart from the correspondence - remains uncatalogued. Some of the deeds have been listed and a hard copy of the catalogue, under the former title Croydon Deeds, is available at NLW. The catalogue, under the current title, Dolaucothi Estate Records, can be accessed online from
An on-line catalogue of the summary list and the Dolaucothi correspondence can be accessed from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are possible

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: The main part of the archive was deposited by Herbert Johnes Lloyd of Dolaucothi in 1927 and converted to a donation in 1980. Numerous other donations have been made by Major H. J. Lloyd-Johnes over the period 1951-1984, and by Thomas Lloyd, October 2003.


Related material: Further papers at the National Library of Wales include Cynwyl Gaeo, which includes rentals and accounts of the Dolaucothi estate, 1800-1926, and family correspondence, 1781-1938; and Rhys Dafys Williams Papers which includes 19th century correspondence, rentals and papers relating to local government. All these remain uncatalogued. Correspondence between members of the Johnes family of Dolaucothi and the family of Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay (1814-91), geologist and director-general of the Geological Survey, including letters in connection with the Dolaucothi murder are NLW MSS 7780-94, 9634-42.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham and Mair James.
The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 18th ed, 3 vols, 1965-72), vol. 1.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2002; October 2002

Estate administration | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Hills-Johnes family, | of Dolaucothi | Archives
Johnes family, | of Dolaucothi | Archives
Lloyd-Johnes family, | of Dolaucothi | Archives

Personal names
Hills-Johnes , James , 1833-1919 , Knight
Hills-Johnes family , of Dolaucothi
Johnes family , of Dolaucothi
Lloyd-Johnes family , of Dolaucothi

Corporate names
Dolaucothi Estate (Wales)

Dolaucothi (Wales)

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