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National Library of Wales
Carreglwyd estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 CARWYD

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Carreglwyd Estate Records

Short Title: Carreglwyd estate, records

Creation date(s): 1329-1864 (predominantly 1500-1780)

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.45 cubic metres (49 boxes, 10 wallets and 2 rolls)

Name of creator(s): Carreglwyd estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The ancestors of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd had been settled in Anglesey since at least the fourteenth century, when Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn in the parish of Llandygai, Caernarfonshire, and sheriff of Anglesey in 1396, married Morfydd, daughter and heir of Grono Fychan of Penmynydd (d. 1382). William Griffith Fychan, their son, and chamberlain of North Wales in 1440, was the first to use Griffith as a surname. William Griffith (1515-87), rector of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, purchased the Ty'n-y-pant estate for £700 which was later renamed Carreg-lwyd.
John Griffith of Bloxham, Oxfordshire, and Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey, William's son, was secretary to Henry Howard, 1st earl of Northampton (1540-1614), and added much to the Carreg-lwyd estate. Another John Griffith (c. 1732-1776) married Mary (c. 1727-1799), daughter and heir of Richard Trygarn, Caernarfonshire, bringing the Berw and Trygarn estates to the family.
In 1838 Richard Trygarn Griffith (c. 1788-1866) of Carreg-lwyd and Berw married Emma Mary (d. 1899), daughter of Captain Digby Thomas Carpenter of Hawke House, Sunbury. The marriage produced an only daughter, Maria Emma Elizabeth Conway Griffith (1840-1917). In 1880, she married Sir Chandos Stanhope Hoskyns Reade, 7th baronet, but died childless, and was succeeded in the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates by her cousin, Major Frederick Carpenter (1851-1937). He died without surviving issue, and was succeeded by his nephew, Major Frederick Noël Carpenter (b. 1881).


Scope and content/abstract: Estate records, mainly title deeds, of the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates, Anglesey, and family papers, mainly correspondence, of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd and the Holland family of Berw, 1329-1864, including valuable early 17th century papers relating to affairs of state, accumulated by John Griffith, secretary to Henry Howard (1540-1614), 1st earl of Northampton, Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1608-1614, and First Commissioner of the Treasury, 1612-1614; accounts and papers relating to the administration of the county of Anglesey, including muster rolls, 1602-1656, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; mise, window, house and land tax assessments, 1653-1764, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; rentals of Crown lands in the same hundreds; 1503-1737; papers of Dr William Griffith (1597-1648), successively chancellor of the dioceses of St Asaph and Bangor, and Commissioner of North Wales from 1633; account of the funerals of Elizabeth I and James I, [1625], and a census of the inhabitants of the parish of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, August 1690.


Language/scripts of material: English , Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following sections: Series I: deeds and documents, 1329-1864; Series II: letters and personalia, 1552-1886; Series III: photostat copies of certain papers, 1595-1783; and Series IV: two MS volumes deposited in July 1964.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. Many of the more important documents relating to affairs of state are described more fully and satisfactorily in HMC Fifth Report (1876), pp. 405-23. An on-line catalogue can be accessed from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Major F. Carpnter-Holland-Griffith of Carreg-lwyd in 1924, with a small additional deposit by Messrs Gregory, Rowcliffe & Co. of London, solicitors, in July 1964


Related material: A history of the Carpenter family is NLW ex 1285.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham.
The following source were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 1952).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: July 2001

Anglesey (Wales) | Militia
Berw Estate (Wales) | Archives
Carreglwyd Estate (Wales) | Archives
Crown lands | Wales | Anglesey
Elizabeth | I, | Queen of England, | 1533-1603 | Death and burial
Estate administration | Wales | Anglesey
Great Britain | Politics and government | 1603-1625
Griffith family, | of Carreglwyd and Berw | Archives
Holland family, | of Berw | Archives
James | I | King of England | 1566-1625 | Death and burial
Land value taxation | Wales | Anglesey
Taxation | Wales | Anglesey
Trygarn family, | of Trygarn and Berw | Archives

Personal names
Griffith , John , of Bloxham and Carreglwyd
Griffith , William , 1597-1648
Griffith family , of Carreglwyd and Berw
Holland family , of Berw
Northampton , Henry Howard , 1540-1614 , Earl of
Trygarn family , of Trygarn and Berw

Corporate names
Berw Estate (Wales)
Carreglwyd Estate (Wales)


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