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National Library of Wales
Tredegar estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 TREDEGAR

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Tredegar Estate Records

Short Title: Tredegar estate, records

Creation date(s): 1324-20th cent

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 16.5 cubic metres (887 volumes, 661 boxes, 6 rolls, 4 bundles, 4 envelopes, 2 folders)

Name of creator(s): Tredegar estate

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Morgan family claimed descent from Bledri (d. 1120), the third son of Cadifor Fawr (d. 1089), lord of Cilsant, now in Carmarthenshire. Sixth in line of descent from Bledri was Llywelyn ab Ifor, lord of St Clears and Gwynfe, who married Angharad, daughter and heir of Sir Morgan ap Maredydd, and in her right acquired the estates of Tredegar and Cyfoeth Feredydd in what is now Monmouthshire. His son Morgan (d. 1375x1387) succeeded to Tredegar and St Clears, and Tredegar descended within the Morgan family for almost six centuries. The second son of Sir John Morgan ('Y marchog tew', d. c. 1492) was Thomas, an esquire of the king's body (21 Hen. VII), and ancestor of the Morgan family of Machen, which later became the senior branch of the family.
In 1661 William Morgan (d. 1680) of Tredegar married as his first wife Blanche daughter of William Morgan of Dderw in Breconshire, by which marriage that estate came to the Morgan family of Tredegar. He also married (2nd) Elizabeth, widow of Sir Francis Dayrell (d. 1675) of Buckinghamshire, and daughter and coheir of Edward Lewis of the Van, Glamorgan. A memorandum (formerly NLW Tredegar MSS 1106-1111), states that Dderw was acquired in 1818 'for the convenience of the great election' although this claim is difficult to square with the 1661 marriage of William Morgan of Tredegar to Blanche Morgan of Dderw.
The male line of the Morgan family of Tredegar failed with the death without issue of John Morgan (1742-1792), and he was succeeded by his eldest sister and coheir Jane, wife (m. 1758) of Sir Charles Gould (1726-1806). In 1792 Gould was created baronet and changed his surname to Morgan. His grandson Sir Charles Morgan Robinson Morgan (1792-1875), 3rd baronet, was created Baron Tredegar in 1859. His second, but eldest surviving, son Godfrey Charles Morgan (1830-1913), 2nd baron, was created Viscount Tredegar in 1905, but he died unmarried, when the viscountcy became extinct. The barony devolved on his nephew Courtenay Charles Evan Morgan (1867-1934), 3rd baron, the eldest son of Frederick Courtenay Morgan (1834-1909) of Ruperra Castle, the third son of the 1st baron. This 3rd baron was created Viscount Tredegar (2nd creation) in 1926, and was succeeded by his only son Evan Frederick Morgan (1893-1949), 2nd viscount. The viscouncy became extinct on his death, but the barony and baronetcy devolved on his uncle Frederick George Morgan (b. 1873), 5th baron and 7th baronet, the second son of Frederick Courtenay Morgan (1834-1909).
The 5th baron was succeeded by his only son (Frederick Charles) John Morgan (1908-1962), 6th baron, who died childless. The barony became extinct on his death.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Morgan family of Tredegar and Ruperra, later barons and viscounts Tredegar including deeds, 14-20 cent., of the Tredegar, Ruperra, Dderw and Palleg estates in Glamorganshire, Monmouthshire and Breconshire which document much of the growth of the towns of Newport and Cardiff in the 19th century; records of the lordship of Wentlloog (Newport) and many Monmouthshire manors, some 14-16 cent., but mainly 17-19 cent.; records of the manor of Brecon and of other manors in Breconshire, 17-19 cent. including the Great Forest of Brecon; records of industrial interests, mainly coal and iron in Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, 18-20th cent.; records of the Tredegar Wharf Company from 1807; and surveys, audit books, rentals, ledgers and leases for the Monmouthshire, Glamorgan and Breconshire portions of the Tredegar estate, 18-20 cent.; papers relating to Nova Scotia and Canada, 1730-1773, mainly of Richard Phillips, Governor of Nova Scotia, 1717-1749; papers of Sir Charles Gould (1726-1806) as chancellor of the diocese of Salisbury, as executor of John Hume, bishop of Salisbury, and as executor of General John Bradstreet, rentals and leases for the Mile End and Bow estates in London, 19-20 cent.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: As a result of the archive being deposited at NLW in several tranches between the 1940s and the 1980s, and as a result of much of the archive being catalogued as it arrived rather than as a whole, the archive is now arranged into several groups, namely Tredegar MSS & Documents, Tredegar MSS & Records, Tredegar MSS, Tredegar BRA and Tredegar Estate Records.
The Tredegar MSS & Docs, numbered 1-1508, are catalogued in 'A schedule of manuscripts and documents deposited by the honourable John Morgan, Tredegar Park', vol. 1 (1950).
Tredegar MSS & Records, in boxes numbered 1-158, represent some of the estate solicitor's or estate agent's original boxes or tin chests of papers. Being based on the estate's own filing system, many of the boxes bring together related material. Some of the original tin chests having been larger than modern archival boxes, and having been full, some "boxes" actually comprise several boxes. Boxes 1-143 are listed in a nine-volume "Preliminary schedule of the Tredegar Park Muniments" (c.1954-c.1959). Following volume one, they were given the notional volume numbers 2-10. The last volume of the preliminary schedule also lists Tredegar MSS 1-464, a separate series of volumes.
Volume 11 (1986) lists Tredegar MSS & Records, boxes 145-158. The box number 144 was apparently never used. Boxes 1-158 comprise most of the pre-1850 Tredegar material.
Following on from Tredegar MSS 1-464, the bulk of 18-20 century rentals, ledgers, collection books and other estate administration volumes were numbered MSS 465-1257. These volumes were numbered, but never listed.
Tredegar BRA represents small groups of records received through the British Records Association, mostly derived from Rider's, Tredegar's London solicitor.
The Tredegar Estate Records, catalogued below, comprise the mainly post-1850 material left untouched by Tredegar MSS & Records boxes 1-158, most of Tredegar MSS 1-464 and all of MSS 465-1257, resorted and renumbered. As the Tredegar MSS references have been in use for many years, notes have been made of these numbers. Almost all the Tredegar MSS have now been dispersed.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: The bulk of the estate administrative records are in the process of being catalogued, and a draft catalogue is available. Catalogues to the other parts of the archive, namely the Tredegar MSS & Docs, MSS & Records, and MSS 1-464 are available in hard copy at NLW and HMC, and are available online at http://www.llgc.org.uk:81/index.htm. Transcripts of Tredegar MSS & Docs 992-1024 are also available in hard copy and online as Tredegar: Letters from the Crimea, 1854-1855. Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from http://www.mdr.nationalarchives.gov.uk/mdr/.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Archival history: A memorandum signed by Octavius Morgan on 20 December 1852 which is accompanied by a schedule of 15-18 cent. deeds and papers states that the old 'Evidence Room' at Tredegar was emptied in 1850; that the records were compared with the schedule, notes made of papers of genealogical or Morgan family interest, and that 'many old papers of neither use nor interest were destroyed to lessen the bulk of those which it was necessary to preserve' and that papers missing or destroyed at that time were crossed out in red in the schedule. In 1852 a new fireproof 'Evidence Room' was completed, and the original drawers were arranged in it as nearly as could be to their former order, according to the reference in the schedule.

Immediate source of acquisition: The bulk of the collection was deposited by John Morgan, 6th baron Tredegar, between 1949 and 1962. Other groups of records were deposited or donated by the British Records Association between 1969 and 1981 (parcels 1537, 1606, 1706, 1697, 1736, 1897, 2094, 2133 and 2230). NLW purchased a small collection of material relating to the Morgan family of Tredegar, from D. MacCormick of Edinburgh in Nov. 1977.
For details of the successive deposits, donations and purchases see NLW Annual Reports 1949-50, pp. 43-5; 1950-51, pp. 27, 37; 1958-59, pp. 50-65; 1961-2, pp. 52-7; 1964-65, p. 30; 1969-70, p. 58; 1970-71, pp. 38, 72; 1975-76, pp. 47, 81; 1977-78, p. 53; 1981-82, p. 58; 1982-83, p. 53; 1985-86, p. 63; and 1986-87, p. 66.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Further papers are held at the Gwent Record Office, the Glamorgan Record Office, and the Society of Antiquaries of London. NLW also holds an essay by J. Hopkins Thomas, 'The development of the Tredegar mineral estate' (NLW Misc. Vols 207-8). Files containing copies of transcripts of documents, notes etc. collected and compiled by M. R. Apted of the Department of the Environment when engaged on research relating to Tredegar Hall are at NLW Misc. Records 344.

Publication note: Morgan, George Blacker, Collections towards historical and genealogical memoirs of the Morgan family as represented in the peerage of England by the Right Hon. the Lord Tredegar (London: privately printed, 1890); Taylor, Clare, American material from the Tredegar Park muniments, 1719-1825 (BRRAM series booklet no. 29, 1980); Jones, J. Gwynfor, Gradd, grym a gwehelyth teulu uchelwrol y Morganiaid o Dredegyr (Casnewydd: Pwyllgor Llen Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Casnewydd, 1988); Phillips, Roger, Tredegar: the history of an agricultural estate, 1300-1956 (Upton-upon-Severn: Self Publishing Association, 1990); Dowden, M. J., 'A disputed inheritance: the Tredegar estates in the eighteenth century', Welsh History Review, 16 (1992), pp. 36-46; Dowden, M. J., 'Land and industry: Sir Charles Morgan, Samuel Homfray and the Tredegar lease of 1800', National Library of Wales Journal, 28 (1993), pp. 23-37; Jones, J. Gwynfor, The Morgan family of Tredegar: its origins, growth and advancement, c.1340-1674 (Newport Local History Society, 1995).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham. The following sources were used in the compilation of this record: Clark, George T., Limbus patrum morganiae et glamorganiae (London, 1886); Complete peerage (London, 8 vols, 1887-98); Burke's peerage (London, 1959); Dictionary of Welsh biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Phillips, Roger, Tredegar: the history of an agricultural estate, 1300-1956 (Upton-upon-Severn, 1990); Ruperra Conservation Trust (January 2002).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2002


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Coal mines and mining | Wales | Glamorgan
Coal mines and mining | Wales | Monmouthshire
Estate administration | Wales | Breconshire
Estate administration | Wales | Glamorgan
Estate administration | Wales | Monmouthshire
Forests and Forestry | Wales | Breconshire
Great Britain | Colonies | America
Iron mines and mining | Wales | Glamorgan
Iron mines and mining | Wales | Monmouthshire
Manorial courts | Wales | Breconshire
Manorial courts | Wales | Monmouthshire | Records and correspondence
Manors | Wales | Breconshire
Manors | Wales | Monmouthshire
Morgan family, | Barons Tredegar | Archives
Nova Scotia | Governor (1717-1749 : Phillips)
Tredegar Estate (England) | Archives
Tredegar Estate (Wales) | Archives
Tredegar Wharf Company | Records and correspondence

Personal names
Morgan family , Barons Tredegar
Philipps , Richard , 1661-1750

Corporate names
Bow Estate (London, England)
Brecon (Wales : Borough)
Dderw Estate (Wales)
Mile End Estate (London, England)
Palleg Estate (Wales)
Ruperra Castle Estate (Wales)
Tredegar Estate (England)
Tredegar Estate (Wales)

Places

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