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National Library of Wales
Lleweni estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 LLEWENI

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Lleweni Estate Records

Short Title: Lleweni estate, records

Creation date(s): [late 13 cent.]-1769

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.208 cubic metres (6 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Lleweni estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Salusbury family were established at Lleweni in the Vale of Clwyd before 1334. Thomas Salusbury killed at the battle of Barnet in 1471 was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Thomas Salusbury (d. 1505) who fought at the battle of Blackheath in 1497 and was knighted by Henry VII, the first of many honours and officers which the family earned by their loyalty to the Tudor dynasty.
Sir John Salusbury's eldest son and heir, another John Salusbury (d. 1566), predeceased him by twelve years. He was the first husband of Catherine, only daughter and heiress of Tudur ap Robert of Berain in the parish of Llanefydd, Denbighshire. John's eldest son, Thomas Salusbury was executed for treason in 1586. John's heir was therefore his second son, John Salusbury (1567-1612). John left Lleweni to his son, Henry (1589-1632 who was created a baronet in 1619. The estate then descended in the male line until John Salusbury (d. 1684), the 4th and last baronet, who died without issue.
The estate passed to his sister, Hester (d. 1710), wife of Sir Robert Cotton of Combermere. Their great-great-grandson, Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton sold Lleweni to Thomas Fitzmaurice, brother of the 1st Marquess of Landsdowne in 1748.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Lleweni estate, Denbighshire, and papers of the Salusbury family of Llewenni, consisting mainly of letters, deeds and other legal documents. The letters are mainly to or from members of the Salusbury family, 1546-1645, the greater number belonging to the last fifteen years of that period, and relating to Sir Thomas Salusbury, the second baronet. The letters are mainly family correspondence and business letters from estate agents, lawyers, and servants of the household. A few are in the nature of news-letters, particularly those written by James Lloyd, [c. 1640], when relations between Charles I and his Parliament were becoming strained. The deeds and legal documents, 1357-1800, relate to the Llewenni estate in Anglesey, Caernarfonshire, Denbighshire and Flintshire.


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically into estate records and correspondence

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The overwhelming majority of the letters were not described in the catalogue because they had already been calendared. See publication note. An online catalogue can be accessed from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records donated to NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The numbers in square brackets at the end of some entries in the catalogue refer to old reference numbers assigned to items previous to thier acquisition by the National Library of Wales.

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated by the Francis Lynch Wellington Stapleton-Cotton, 4th Viscount Combermere, in 1926.


Related material: A further group of deeds relating to the Salusbury family of Lleweni, 1313-1727 are in National Library of Wales, Kinmel Deeds. Further papers relating to the estate and family are Flintshire Record Office, D/BC; Department of Manuscripts, University of Wales Bangor Library, Kinmel MSS; and Manchester University, John Rylands Library, Eng MSS 530-660, Ch 914-1262.

Publication note: Smith, W.J., ed., Calendar of Salusbury Correspondence 1553-circa 1700 (Cardiff, 1954).


Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following source was used in the compilation of this description: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940 (London, 1959).

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: May 2002

Estate administration | Wales | Denbighshire
Great Britain | Politics and government | 17th century
Lleweni Estate (Wales) | Archives
Salusbury family, | of Lleweni and Bachygraig | Archives

Personal names
Lloyd , James , fl. 1640
Salusbury , Thomas , d. 1643 , Sir
Salusbury family , of Lleweni and Bachygraig

Corporate names
Lleweni Estate (Wales)


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