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National Library of Wales
Peterwell and Falcondale estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 PETELL

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Peterwell and Falcondale Estate Records

Short Title: Peterwell and Falcondale estate, records

Creation date(s): 1640-1975

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.381 cubic metres (14 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Peterwell and Falcondale estates


Administrative/Biographical history: David Evans bought the land and built the first house at Peterwell near Lampeter, Cardiganshire, in Charles I's reign. The Evans family were originally from Llechwedd Deri. Subsequently the Peterwell and Llechwedd Deri estates passed to the Lloyd family when Mary, widow of Daniel Evans, married secondly John Lloyd of Bwchllaethwen, Llangwynne, who came to reside at Peterwell. His daughter, Eleanor married Sir Thomas Stepney and their daughter, Elizabeth married Walter Lloyd (d. 1747) a lawyer from Foelallt, Llanfairclydogau, Carmarthenshire, and they settled in Peterwell, which with Llechwedd Deri had come to Elizabeth as co-heiress.
John Lloyd (1718-1755), their eldest son, succeeded to the estates, but he died without issue and the estates passed to his brother, Herbert Lloyd (1720-1769), who was created a baronet in 1763. Due to his large debts he shot himself in August 1769. The estate then passed to his nephew, John Adams of Whitland, M.P. for Carmarthen Borough 1774-1780, the son of Sir Herbert's sister, Elizabeth. He amassed more debts and attempted to sell the estate. Eventually, Albany Wallis, a London attorney, who held the original mortgage, bought the Peterwell estate in 1776. On his death he left the bulk of his fortune to Lady Bailey of Pall Mall for life, with remainder to her son Colonel Bailey Wallis. He sold the estate to Richard Hart-Davies, a partner in Harford Bank, Bristol.
The Harford family of Blaise Castle near Bristol purchased Peterwell from Richard Hart-Davis in 1820 after he had lost his money in 1819. The estate remained in the hands of the Harford family until 1949. The Harfords chose not to live at Peterwell and erected instead a new mansion at Falcondale about a mile away, which they had acquired at the beginning of the 19th century.
According to the 1873 return of owners of land, John Battersby-Harford, of Falcondale, Cardiganshire, owned an estimated 8,399 acres in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire with an estimated rental of £5,660. Their Falcondale estate was sold to the County Council in 1951.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Peterwell estate near Lampeter and its successor, the Falcondale estate, belonging to the Lloyd and Harford families, 1640-1975, comprising deeds, documents and estate administration papers, mainly of properties in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire, 1696-1963; deeds and documents relating to the town and borough of Lampeter, 1741-1954, including copies of mediaeval charters and relevant manorial records; deeds and documents of the family's other estates in Cardiganshire and Bristol, 1834-1975; printed material, 1640-1848; and a small quantity of family papers, 1923-1968.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically into two sections: Section I consisting of Falcondale Estate Records; Section II consisting of Peterwell Estate Records.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC. A schedule of the first group (nos 1-192) of the Peterwell deposit was compiled shortly after its arrival in NLW. The first group (nos 1-192) is described and numbered individually following the pattern of the old schedule. The call numbers of the second group (nos 193-220) refer to bundles rather than individual items. An online catalogue can be accessed from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Major J.C. Harford Lampeter in January 1928 and 1929; and by Sir Timothy Harford, Evesham, per Burges Salmon, solicitors, Bristol in 1984.


Related material: Further papers relating to the Harford's Cardiganshire and Gloucestershire estates are Bristol Record Office, 28048.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Jones, Francis, Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families (Newport, 2000); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV; Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (London, 1959); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. I.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002

Estate administration | England | Bristol
Estate administration | Wales | Carmarthenshire
Estate administration | Wales | Ceredigion
Falcondale Estate (Wales) | Archives
Harford family, | of Falcondale | Archives
Lampeter (Wales : Borough) | Records and correspondence
Lloyd family, | of Peterwell | Archives
Manors | Wales | Lampeter
Peterwell Estate (Wales) | Archives

Personal names
Adams family , of Peterwell
Harford family , of Falcondale and Peterwell
Lloyd family , of Peterwell

Corporate names
Falcondale Estate (Wales)
Lampeter (Wales : Borough)
Peterwell Estate (Wales)


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