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National Library of Wales
Abergavenny, Marquess of, papers

Reference code(s): GB 0210 ABENNY

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Marquess of Abergavenny's Papers

Short Title: Abergavenny, Marquess of, papers

Creation date(s): 1395, 1525-1915

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.87 cubic metres (19 boxes, 11 volumes)

Name of creator(s): Nevill family, marquesses of Abergavenny


Administrative/Biographical history: The lords of Abergavenny traced their descent from Walter, earl of Herefordshire and constable of England, the brother-in-law of Hamelyn (dsp. 1090), the Norman conqueror of Over Gwent and first feudal lord of Abergavenny. The estate remained in the hands of the Nevill family until its disposal in the 20th century.
Their Monmouthshire estates were a relatively minor part of their landed possessions. According to the 1873 return of owners of land, the Earl of Abergavenny owned some 15,000 acres in Sussex, 6,000 acres in Kent, and 7,000 acres in Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Monmouthshire and Herefordshire, besides 11 acres in Norfolk (the manor of Sculton Burdeleys). Their principal residence was at Eridge, Kent, where the 2nd earl built a castle in the early 19th century on the pre-existing Eridge Park hunting lodge. The castle was demolished just before the Second World War, and a modern house built, when the name reverted to Eridge Park.


Scope and content/abstract: Rentals, 1586-1627, and court books, 1767-1867, of the lordship of Abergavenny; and deeds, 1395, 1525-1915, relating to the lordship of Abergavenny in Monmouthshire and to other estates of the Nevill family, marquesses of Abergavenny, in Herefordshire.


Language/scripts of material: English, Latin

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. An online catalogue can be accessed from
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The Marquess's Monmouthshire estates were administered from Abergavenny until about 1910 when the office was closed and transferred to Sussex, the family residing for most of the year at Eridge. Many of the earlier records were destroyed once their legal and administrative usefulness had ceased.

Immediate source of acquisition: Presented by the Marquess of Abergavenny, Eridge Castle, Tunbridge Wells, in 1933, apart from C 1-3, which were deposited.


Related material: Further family papers are Gwent Record Office, D7, D. 1538, D. 591, D. 2073, D. 3383 as are various manorial documents relating to the Lordship of Bergavenny, MAN/A/2. The principal collections of family papers are in East Sussex Record Office and the Centre for Kentish Studies. A number of legal case papers are at Northumberland Record Office as part of the Westmorland (Apethorpe) collection.


Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James and Stephen Benham.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Complete Peerage (London, 8 vols, 1887-98), vol. 1; Bradney, Sir Joseph, A History of Monmouthshire (London, 1991 facsimile ed.), vol. 1, part 1; Gwent Record Office, Catalogue of the records of Lord Abergavenny's estates.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2002

Abergavenny Manor and Lordship (Wales) | Archives
Manorial courts | Wales | Abergavenny
Manors | Wales | Abergavenny

Personal names
Nevill family , Marquesses of Abergavenny

Corporate names
Abergavenny Manor and Lordship (Wales)

Abergavenny (Wales)

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