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National Library of Wales
Voelas and Cefnamwlch estate, records

Reference code(s): GB 0210 VOELAS

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Voelas and Cefnamwlch Estate Records

Short Title: Voelas and Cefnamwlch estate, records

Creation date(s): 1742-1952

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 2.087 cubic metres (78 boxes, 287 vols)

Name of creator(s): Voelas and Cefnamwlch estate


Administrative/Biographical history: The Cefnamwlch estate in Caernarfonshire was in the possession of the Griffith family from at least the 15th century until the end of the 18th century. William Griffith (1721-1752) married Sidney Wynne, daughter of Cadwaladr Wynne of Voelas, Denbighshire. Their son, John Griffith (d. 1794) was the last of the Griffith family to live at Cefnamwlch. Dying unmarried, he bequeathed the estate to his cousin, Jane Wynne (d. 1811) of Voelas, who married the Hon. Charles Finch, brother to the Earl of Aylesford, who had inherited the manor of Pooley Hall, Warwickshire, from his godfather, Charles Jennens of Gopsall Hall, Leicestershire, in 1773.
The Wynne family had been settled at Voelas since the times of Cadwaladr ap Maurice (d. 1611) who was granted Voelas by Henry VIII in 1545-1546. The estate then descended in the male line until Watkin Wynne (1717-74), whose heir was his daughter, Jane Wynne (d. 1811). Both the Voelas and Cefnamwlch estates passed to their son, Charles Wynne (1780-1865), who assumed the names of Griffith-Wynne in lieu of Finch. He was succeeded by his son Charles Wynne who assumed the additional name of Finch. On the death of Charles's son, Charles Arthur Wynne Finch in 1903, the Voelas estate passed to his second son, John Charles Wynne Finch (b. 1891), while the Cefnamwlch estate passed to his third son, William Heneage Wynne Finch (b. 1893).
According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Charles Wynne Finch, of Foelas, Denbighshire, and Cefnamwlch owned an estimated 13,591 acres in Wales (all in Caernarfonshire and Denbighshire) with an estimated rental of £7,687.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Voelas and Cefnamwlch estates in Denbighshire and Caernarfonshire, mainly 19 cent.-20 cent.; including rentals, 1808-1949, uncommonly full estate correspondence, 1866-1948, building accounts, 1865-1870, estate ledgers, 1866-1912, title deeds, 1726-1956, valuations, 1855-1945; records of the Pooley estate, Warwickshire, and the Pooley Hall colliery, 1838-1909; and family and personal papers of the Wynne and Wynne-Finch families, including letters from Alice Mary Sybil Wynne Finch, 1914-1917, William Heneage Wynne Finch, 1919-1929, and John Charles Wynne Finch, 1924-1945.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by record type and then chronologically

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC. An on-line catalogue can be accessed from


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by John Charles Wynne Finch, Voelas, Betws-y-Coed in 1956, 1960 and 1970.


Related material: A number of maps and plans, mainly architectural drawings relating to properties on the estate, are NLW, Map Collections, Voelas 1-294 and 1996/00101. Further papers relating to the estate in Wales are NLW MS 18939A, NLW, BRA 1956; NLW Deeds 1448-61; Department of Archives Manuscripts, University of Wales Bangor Library, Cefn Amwlch MSS; and Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32. Papers relating to the family's Cahir estate in County Tipperary are Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32A, and further papers relating to their Pooley Hall estate, Warwickshire, are Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32B.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the completion of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, vol. XIV (1965-66); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); NLW, Catalogue of Voelas and Cefnamwlch Estate Papers.

Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: June 2002

Cefnamwlch Estate (Wales) | Archives
Coal mines and mining | England | Warwickshire
Estate administration | Wales | Caernarvonshire
Estate administration | Wales | Denbighshire
Pooley Estate (England) | Archives
Voelas Estate (Wales) | Archives
Wynne Finch family, | of Voelas and Cefnamwlch | Archives
Wynne Finch, Alice Mary Sybil, | Correspondence
Wynne Finch, Heneage, | Correspondence
Wynne Finch, John Charles, | 1891-1982 | Correspondence
Wynne family, | of Voelas and Cefnamwlch | Archives
Wynne family, | of Voelas | Archives

Personal names
Wynne Finch , Alice Mary Sybil
Wynne Finch , John Charles , 1891-1982
Wynne Finch , William Heneage , 1893-1961
Wynne Finch family , of Voelas and Cefnamwlch
Wynne family , of Voelas and Cefnamwlch

Corporate names
Cefnamwlch Estate (Wales)
Pooley Estate (England)
Voelas Estate ( Wales)

Cefnamwlch (Wales)
Pooley Hall Colliery (England)
Voelas (Conwy, Wales)

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