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National Library of Wales
Evans, Gwynfor, papurau / papers

Reference code(s): GB 0210 GWYNFOR

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Papurau Gwynfor Evans/Gwynfor Evans Papers

Short Title: Evans, Gwynfor, papurau / papers

Creation date(s): 1929-2002

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 1.656 medr ciwbig/cubic metres (147 o flychau/boxes)

Name of creator(s): Gwynfor Evans

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: Roedd Gwynfor Evans yn un o brif wleidyddion Cymru ledled ail hanner yr ugeinfed ganrif, Llywydd Plaid Cymru o 1945 hyd at 1981 a'r cyntaf i gipio sedd yn y Senedd ar ran y Blaid, hynny ym 1966. Mae hefyd yn awdur nifer o gyfrolau hanesyddol pwysig.
Ganed Gwynfor Richard Evans yn Y Barri, Sir Forgannwg, ar 1 Medi 1912, yn fab i Dan Evans a Catherine Mary Richard ei wraig. Addysgwyd ef yn Ysgol Gynradd Gladstone Road, Y Barri, Ysgol Ramadeg y Barri, Coleg y Brifysgol, Aberystwyth a Choleg San Ioan, Rhydychen. Yn wreiddiol hyfforddwyd ef fel cyfreithiwr a daeth yn gyfreithiwr proffesiynol ym 1939, ond yna penderfynodd ennill ei fywoliaeth fel garddwr masnachol a gwnaeth ei gartref yn Llangadog, sir Gaerfyrddin. Ym 1941 ymbriododd â Rhiannon Prys Thomas, un a fu'n gefn cyson iddo drwy gydol ei fywyd cyhoeddus, a bu iddynt bedwar mab a thair merch.
Ym 1939 dewiswyd Gwynfor Evans yn ysgrifennydd mudiad Heddychwyr Cymru, ac ym 1941 etholwyd ef yn is-lywydd Plaid Cymru. Pedair blynedd yn ddiweddarach daeth yn Llywydd y Blaid, swydd y parhaodd ynddi tan 1981. Etholwyd ef yn aelod o Gyngor Sir Gaerfyrddin ym 1949 a pharhaodd fel henadur y Cyngor o 1949 tan 1974. Ym 1954 dewiswyd ef hefyd yn gadeirydd Undeb yr Annibynwyr Cymreig. Yng Ngorffennaf 1966 gwnaeth gyfraniad gwir hanesyddol pan gipiodd etholaeth Sir Gaerfyrddin mewn is-etholiad hollbwysig a gynhaliwyd yn dilyn marwolaeth y Fonesig Megan Lloyd George. Collodd y sedd yn etholiad cyffredinol Mehefin 1970, ond cynrychiolodd yr etholaeth unwaith eto yn y Senedd rhwng Hydref 1974 a 1979. Aflwyddiannus bu ei ymgeisyddiaeth yno ym 1979 a 1983.
Chwaraeodd Gwynfor Evans ran ganolog yn natblygiad ei blaid fel grym gwleidyddol, a bu'n hollol allweddol ym mhob menter dros genedlaetholdeb Cymreig o'r Ail Ryfel Byd ymlaen. Hyd ddiwedd y ganrif roedd yn ffigwr dylanwadol ym mywyd cyhoeddus Cymru a pharhaodd yn uchel ei barch hyd yn oed ymhlith aelodau o bleidiau gwleidyddol eraill yng Nghymru a Lloegr. Roedd hefyd yn hynod amlwg yn y frwydr i sicrhau pedwaredd sianel a fyddai darlledu'n bennaf yn yr iaith Gymraeg, ac ym 1980 cyhoeddodd ei barodrwydd i ymprydio hyd angau pe bai angen oni chyflawnai'r Llywodraeth ei hymrwymiad i ddarparu'r fath wasanaeth yn unol ag addewid ei faniffesto etholiadol ym 1979. Gwasanaethodd hefyd fel aelod o fyrdd o bwyllgorau a chyrff cyhoeddus yng Nghymru, gan gynnwys Cyngor a Llys Llywodraethwyr Prifysgol Cymru, Aberystwyth a Chyngor Darlledu Cymru.
Roedd Gwynfor Evans hefyd yn awdur toreithiog. Cyhoeddodd nifer fawr o bamffledi ac erthyglau gwleidyddol eu naws yn y Gymraeg a'r Saesneg sydd yn adlewyrchu ei gred mewn cenedlaetholdeb a heddychiaeth. Ymhlith ei gyfrolau niferus mae Wales Can Win (1973), A National Future for Wales (1975), Diwedd Prydeindod (1981), (cyfrol sydd yn ddadansoddiad llym o 'Brydeinrwydd' y Cymry), Pe Bai Cymru'n Rhyd d (1989) a Fighting for Wales (1990). Cyhoeddodd hefyd hanes cynhwysfawr Cymru yn ei gyfrol Aros Mae (1971), astudiaeth a enillodd cryn fri ac a chyfieithwyd i'r Saesneg dan y teitl Land of My Fathers (1974). Fel hanesydd roedd Evans yn olynydd teilwng i awduron fel Theophilus Evans ac Owen M. Edwards. Roeddent oll yn gwneud defnydd o ymchwil ysgolheigion eraill er mwyn ceisio meithrin yn eu cyd-Gymry falchder yng ngogoniant eu hanes a'u llên. Gweithiau eraill o bwys o'i eiddo yw Seiri Cenedl (1986), cyfrol o fywgraffiadau byrion o Gymry blaenllaw drwy'r oesoedd ynghyd â fersiwn Saesneg Welsh Nation Builders (1987).
Dyfarnwyd i Gwynfor Evans radd Ll.D. (Cymru) honoris causa ym 1973 a medal Anrhydeddus Gymdeithas y Cymmrodorion ym 1984. Ers blynyddoedd roedd yn byw yn Nhalar Wen, Pencarreg ger Llanybydder, sir Gaerfyrddin, lle bu farw ar 21 Ebrill 2005 yn 92 mlwydd oed.
Gwynfor Evans was one of the most prominent Welsh politicians throughout the second half of the twentieth century, Plaid Cymru President from 1945 until 1981, and the first person to win a parliamentary seat on behalf of Plaid Cymru in July 1966. He is also the author of a number of important historical works.
Gwynfor Richard Evans was born at Barry, Glamorganshire, on 1 September 1912, the son of Dan Evans and Catherine Mary Richard his wife. He was educated at Gladstone Road Elementary School, Barry, Barry County School, the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and St John's College, Oxford. He originally trained to be a solicitor and qualified in 1939. But he then decided to earn his living as a market gardener and settled at Llangadog, Carmarthenshire. In 1941 he married Rhiannon Prys Thomas, a partner who supported him unstintingly in his public work. They had four sons and three daughters.
In 1939 Gwynfor Evans was chosen secretary of the Heddychwyr Cymru (Welsh Pacifist) movement and in 1941 he became the vice-president of Plaid Cymru. Four years later he was elected party president and remained in that position until 1981. He was elected to the Carmarthenshire County Council in 1949 and remained an alderman of the council until his retirement in 1974. In 1954 he was chosen chairman of the Union of Welsh Independents. In July 1966 a truly historic event occurred when Gwynfor Evans captured the Carmarthenshire constituency in a momentous by-election held following the death of Lady Megan Lloyd George. He lost the seat in the June 1970 General Election, but again represented the constituency in parliament from October 1974 until 1979. His candidatures there were unsuccessful in 1979 and 1983.
Gwynfor Evans played a central role in the development of his party as a political force, and he was a key figure in every nationalist campaign ever since the Second World War. Until the very end of the twentieth century he was an influential figure in Welsh public life and he was highly respected even among the members of other political parties in Wales and England. He was also hugely prominent in the campaign to secure a fourth television channel which would broadcast mainly in the Welsh language, and in 1980 he announced his willingness to go on hunger strike until death if necessary unless the government adhered to its pledge to set up such a service in keeping with its election manifesto promise in 1979. He also served as a member of an array of committees and public bodies in Wales, among them the Council and Court of Governors of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth and the Welsh Broadcasting Council.
Gwynfor Evans was also a prolific author. He published a large number of political pamphlets and articles in both Welsh and English, writings which reflect his unwavering belief in nationalism and pacifism. Among his many volumes are Wales Can Win (1973), A National Future for Wales (1975), Diwedd Prydeindod (1981) (a volume which comprises a harsh condemnation of the 'British' attitudes of the Welsh people), Pe Bai Cymru'n Rhydd (1989) and Fighting for Wales (1990). He also published a comprehensive history of Wales in his volume Aros Mae (1971), a study which was highly acclaimed and which was translated into English in the volume Land of My Fathers (1974). As a historian Evans was a worthy successor to authors like Theophilus Evans and Owen M. Edwards. Each of these writers made use of the researches of other scholars with the aim of attempting to instil in their fellow Welsh people a pride in the glories of their history and literature. Other important works published by Gwynfor Evans include Seiri Cenedl (1986), a volume of short biographies of prominent Welsh historical figures, together with an English version Welsh Nation Builders (1987).
Gwynfor Evans was awarded the degree of Ll.D. (Wales) honoris causa in 1973 and the medal of the Honorary Society of Cymmrodorion in 1984. For many years he resided at Talar Wen, Pencarreg, near Llanybydder, Carmarthenshire where he died on 21 April 2005 aged 92 years.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Llythyrau cyffredinol, 1939-2002, wedi eu cyfeirio at Gwynfor Evans, ynghyd â ffeiliau o lythyrau, 1940-1996, oddi wrth bedwar-ar-ddeg o unigolion blaenllaw a fu'n gohebu'n gyson â Gwynfor Evans; ffeiliau ar bynciau penodol, 1968-1983, ynghyd â ffeiliau cyffredinol ar bynciau amrywiol, 1971-1979; a ffeiliau amrywiol, 1929-1981; papurau personol amrywiol, 1938-2001, a phapurau amrywiol, [ c . 1930-1998]./General letters, 1939-2002, addressed to Gwynfor Evans, together with files of letters, 1940-1996, from fourteen prominent individuals who corresponded regularly with Gwynfor Evans; files on specific subjects, 1968-1983, together with general files on miscellaneous subjects, 1971-1979; and various files, 1929-1981, miscellaneous personal papers, 1938-2001, and miscellanea, [ c . 1930-1998].

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: Saesneg , Cymraeg / English , Welsh

System of arrangement: Trefnwyd y papurau yn dair adran: gohebiaeth, 1939-2002; ffeiliau pwnc, 1968-1983; a phapurau amrywiol, 1929-2001./The papers have been arranged in three groups: correspondence, 1939-2002; subject files, 1968-1983; and miscellaneous papers, 1929-2001.

Conditions governing access: Mae rhai ffeiliau o fewn cyfres P1 ar gau am gyfnod o hanner can mlynedd o ddyddiad olaf y ffeil: eithriad a.40 Deddf Rhyddid Gwybodaeth 2000 (gweler y disgrifiadau perthnasol ar lefel ffeil)./Some of the files within series P1 are unavailable for consultation for fifty years from the last date of the file: exemption s.40 Freedom of Information Act 2000 (see appropriate file level descriptions).

Conditions governing reproduction: Amodau hawlfraint arferol./Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: Mae copi caled o'r catalog hwn ar gael yn LLGC ac yn Archifdy Caerfyrddin./A hard copy of this list is available at NLW and at Carmarthenshire County Record Office.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: Cadwyd yr holl bapurau a roddwyd i'r Llyfrgell./All the papers donated to the Library have been retained.

Accruals: Mae ychwanegiadau yn debygol./Additional papers are likely.

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Adneuwyd gan Dr Gwynfor Evans yn 1973, 1979 a 1983 (troswyd yn rhoddion yn 1988), a rhoddion ychwanegol gan Dr Evans yn 1988, 1994 a thrwy law Mr Rhys Evans, Caerdydd, yn Ionawr ac Awst 2003./Deposited by Dr Gwynfor Evans in 1973, 1979 and 1983 (converted into donations in 1988), and additional donations by Dr Evans in 1988, 1994 and per Mr Rhys Evans, Cardiff, in January and August 2003.

ALLIED MATERIALS

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Archivist's note: Lluniwyd gan/Compiled by J. Graham Jones.
Defnyddiwyd y ffynonellau canlynol wrth lunio'r disgrifiad hwn/The following sources were used in the compilation of this description:Stephens, M. Cydymaith i Lenyddiaeth Cymru (Cardiff, 1997); Who's Who on CD-ROM, 1897-1996, 1997.

Rules or conventions: Wrth lunio y disgrifiad hwn dilynwyd canllawiau LlGC a seiliwyd ar ISAD(G) Ail Argraffiad; rheolau AACR2; ac LCSH./This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: Mai/May 2005.


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Carmarthenshire (Wales) | Politics and government | 20th century
Evans, Gwynfor | Archives
Great Britain | Politics and government | 20th century
Nationalism | Wales | 20th century
Plaid Cymru | Archives
Politicians | Wales | Archives
Wales | Politics and government | 20th century

Personal names
Evans , Gwynfor

Corporate names
Plaid Cymru

Places

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