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National Library of Wales
Lloyd George, manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0210 MSLLOYDGEORGE

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Lloyd George MSS

Short Title: Lloyd George, manuscripts

Creation date(s): 1890-1968

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 52 volumes

Name of creator(s): David Lloyd George; Margaret Lloyd George; Megan Lloyd George; Olwen Carey-Evans; Gwilym Lloyd George; and others.

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: David Lloyd George, Liberal statesman and Prime Minister from 1916 until 1922, was born in Manchester in January 1863. His father died the year after he was born and his mother took herself and her children to live with her brother Richard Lloyd (1834-1917) at Llanystumdwy, where David attended the National School. He qualified in law in 1884 and began to practice as a solicitor at Criccieth; he became known in his profession as a fierce advocate and an eloquent speaker. Together with his younger brother William George (1865-1967) he set up the family legal practice Lloyd George and George. In 1890 Lloyd George was elected Liberal MP for the Caernarvon Boroughs. His interests at this time were mainly those of Wales, including the Disestablishment of the Welsh Church and land reform; he was also prominent in the nationalistic movement Cymru Fydd which was founded in 1886. He also opposed the conduct of the South African war (1899-1902) and the 1902 Education Act. When the Liberals came to power in 1905 Lloyd George became President of the Board of Trade under Campbell-Bannerman and he soon proved himself an exceptional administrator and mediator. In 1908 he succeeded H. H. Asquith as Chancellor of the Exchequer, piloting the Old Age Pension Bill through the House of Commons, and, in 1909, he introduced his controversial first 'People's Budget', which emphasized social reform by raising revenue in novel ways, and which was rejected by the House of Lords. In 1911, he was successfully to introduce the National Insurance Bill. Upon the formation of a wartime coalition government in 1915, Lloyd George became Minister of Munitions, and in 1916 he succeeded first Lord Kitchener, as Secretary for War. On Asquith's enforced resignation in December 1916, Lloyd George became Prime Minister, steering Britain through the First World War and appearing prominently in the subsequent Paris Peace Conference of 1919. In 1921, he carried through the Anglo-Irish Treaty which created an autonomous Ireland. When, in November 1922, the Conservative members of the government took their decision to resign, thus making it impossible to continue the Coalition, Lloyd George also resigned his post as Prime Minister. Though he never held office again, he did however remain politically active for a number of years, even travelling to Germany to meet Adolf Hitler in 1936. He also published his War Memoirs in six volumes in the late 1930s. In 1945, the last year of his life, Lloyd George was created 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor and Viscount Gwynedd. He died at Ty Newydd, Llanystumdwy on 26 March 1945 and was buried near the river Dwyfor. He remained the Liberal MP for the Caernarfon Boroughs at the time of his death. Lloyd George was twice married: his first marriage in 1888 to Margaret Owen, the daughter of Richard Owen of Mynydd Ednyfed Fawr, Criccieth, a prosperous Eifionydd farmer. Despite her husband's political activities in London, Margaret maintained strong links with Criccieth, and ensured that the first language of the home was Welsh. The marriage produced five children - Richard (1889-1968), Mair Eluned, who died in 1907 aged seventeen, Olwen, later Lady Olwen Carey-Evans (1892-1990), Gwilym (1894-1967), and Megan (1902-1966). His second marriage, in October 1943, was to his long-standing secretary and mistress, Frances Stevenson. Both Gwilym and Megan followed their father into politics, and Gwilym held a number of ministerial posts at Westminster between 1942 and 1957. Megan was MP for Anglesey as a Liberal, 1929-1951, but she joined the Lloyd George family group of independent Liberal MPs at the constitutional crisis of August 1931. She served as the committed president of the tenacious Parliament for Wales campaign throughout its duration from 1950 until 1956. Her politics moved to the left in the 1950s, she joined the Labour Party in April 1955, and she was Labour MP for Carmarthen from 1957 until her death in 1966. Like her mother, Megan served as a Justice of the Peace in Criccieth and was also a member of the town council for many years. The family's affinity with Criccieth, and their interest (rooted in their Nonconformist upbringing) in religion and education, is reflected in the papers they collected relating to schools and chapels in the area.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Papers, 1886-1968, of the Lloyd George family. The collection is comprised mainly of correspondence, the bulk of which is addressed to David Lloyd George, mostly from contemporary political figures and from members of his family. The political correspondence relates largely to Welsh affairs, including Disestablishment, the Welsh Church Commission, education and the investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1911, as well as to the Irish Question and the First World War. David Lloyd George's family correspondence includes letters, [c. 1886]-1941, between David Lloyd George and his wife Margaret, from David Lloyd George to his uncle Richard Lloyd, 1890-1916, and to David Lloyd George from his brother William George, 1891-1915; other family correspondence includes letters to Margaret Lloyd George, 1893-1939, from various correspondents, and from Margaret Lloyd George mainly to her daughter Olwen Carey-Evans, 1917-1939; correspondence and papers of Megan Lloyd George, daughter of David and Margaret Lloyd George, including letters, 1939-1957, to and from Labour politician Philip Noel-Baker and from other correspondents, 1910-1966, including her parents, together with a tour journal, 1923-1924, and diary, 1947, and correspondence and papers, 1914-[c. 1963], of Gwilym Lloyd George, son of David and Margaret Lloyd George, including a typescript draft, [c. 1960]-1962, of his (unpublished) autobiography; together with speech notes, notebooks and miscellaneous papers, [c. 1904]-1939, of David Lloyd George, and correspondence and papers, 1898-1909, relating to Mair Eluned Lloyd George, daughter of David and Margaret Lloyd George.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English, Welsh

System of arrangement: Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 21787-21792, 22514-22537, 22823-22828, 23254-23268, 23657-23671. Each group is arranged by varying combinations of theme, provenance and chronology. For reasons of estate, some papers have been kept in distinct groups with no archival significance.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to abide by the conditions noted on the 'Modern papers - data protection' form issued with their readers' tickets.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IX (Aberystwyth, 2003), and the typescript lists Lloyd George Manuscripts (1970), Lady Olwen Carey-Evans Papers (1991), Lloyd George Papers (1992), A. J. Sylvester Papers (1997), William George Papers (1999), Frances Stevenson Family Papers (2000), and the illustrated booklet Jones, J. Graham: Lloyd George Papers at the National Library of Wales and other Repositories (Aberystwyth, 2001).

Detailed catalogue

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records purchased by the National Library of Wales have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The various groups of papers were retained and preserved by members of the Lloyd George family.

Immediate source of acquisition: NLW MSS 21787-21792 were purchased from Owen Lloyd George, 3rd Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, in 1982; NLW MSS 22514-22537 were purchased from Owen Lloyd George, 3rd Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor in 1987, with the aid of financial assistance from the National Heritage Memorial Fund; NLW MSS 22823-22828 were purchased from Mr Robin Carey-Evans, New South Wales, Mrs Eluned Macmillan, Toronto and Mrs Margaret Barrett, Haddlington, East Lothian in 1990; the majority of NLW MSS 23254-23268 were purchased from Sotheby's, London (lot 367B) in 1993, while the remainder were purchased from Mr D. L. Carey-Evans, Cricieth, also in 1993; NLW MSS 23657-23671 were purchased from William Lloyd George, 3rd Viscount Tenby, Farnham, Surrey, in 1996.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The major archive of Lloyd George's papers, those which he bequeathed to his second wife Frances, is in the custody of the Parliamentary Archive at the House of Lords, London. The National Library of Wales houses four further groups of records directly relevant to David Lloyd George: William George Papers, Olwen Carey-Evans Papers, A. J. Sylvester Papers, and the Frances Stevenson Family Papers. See also NLW ex 1069 and 1972 and the typescript lists Lloyd George Manuscripts (1970), Lady Olwen Carey-Evans Papers (1991), Lloyd George Papers (1992), A. J. Sylvester Papers (1997), William George Papers (1999), Frances Stevenson Family Papers (2000), and the illustrated booklet Jones, J. Graham: Lloyd George Papers at the National Library of Wales and other Repositories (Aberystwyth, 2001). Many other archive groups in the custody of the National Library of Wales include material relevant to Lloyd George.

Publication note: J. Graham Jones, Lloyd George Papers at the National Library of Wales and Other Repositories (Aberystwyth, 2001) contains helpful descriptions of each of the groups of Lloyd George Papers in the custody of the National Library. Kenneth O. Morgan (ed.), Lloyd George: family letters (Oxford and Cardiff, 1973) publishes many of the more significant items in the Lloyd George Papers purchased by the National Library in 1969. The papers have provided source materials for numerous biographies of Lloyd George and many other monographs and studies. Particularly apposite are W. R. P. George, The Making of Lloyd George (London, 1976), and Lloyd George: Backbencher (Llandysul, 1983). There are four volumes of biography by John Grigg, The Young Lloyd George (London, 1973), Lloyd George: the People's Champion, 1902-1911 (London, 1978), Lloyd George: from Peace to War, 1912-1916 (London, 1985), and Lloyd George: War Leader, 1916-1918 (London, 2002).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Description compiled by Bethan Ifans, and later revised by J. Graham Jones, for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IX (Aberystwyth, 2003); Oxford Dictionary of National Biography WWW site; Dictionary of Welsh Biography 1941-1970 (London, 2001).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: March 2009, March 2010


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Great Britain | Politics and government | 19th century
Great Britain | Politics and government | 20th century
Lawyers | Wales | Criccieth | Archives
Liberal Party (Great Britain) | Records and correspondence
Lloyd George family | Archives
Lloyd George, David, | 1863-1945 | Archives
Lloyd George, David, | 1863-1945 | Correspondence
Lloyd George, David, | 1863-1945 | Family | Correspondence
Politicians | Great Britain | Archives
Solicitors | Wales | Criccieth | Archives
Statesmen | Great Britain | Archives
Wales | Politics and government | 19th century
Wales | Politics and government | 20th century

Personal names
George , William , 1865-1967
Lloyd , Richard , 1834-1917
Lloyd George , David , 1863-1945
Lloyd George , Margaret , 1863-1941
Lloyd George family

Corporate names
Liberal Party (Great Britain)

Places
Criccieth (Wales)

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