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National Library of Wales
Richard, Henry, manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0210 MSRICHARD

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Henry Richard Manuscripts

Short Title: Richard, Henry, manuscripts

Creation date(s): [early 19 cent.]-1904

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 28 volumes

Name of creator(s): Henry Richard; Ebenezer Richard


Administrative/Biographical history: Henry Richard (1812-1888) politician and 'Apostle of Peace', was born in Tregaron, Cardiganshire, on 3 April 1812. His father Ebenezer Richard (1781-1837), a prominent Calvinistic Methodist minister, was one of the principal organisers of his denomination and the chief supporter of the Sunday school movement in South Wales. Henry Richard received his early schooling at Llangeitho then, in 1826, was apprenticed as a draper in Carmarthen. He decided to enter the ministry and from September 1830 attended Highbury College, London. From November 1935 until June 1850 he was minister of Marlborough Congregational chapel, Old Kent Road, London. He was appointed chairman of the Congregational Union in 1877. Richard was a pacifist and was appointed secretary of the Peace Society in 1848. He organized a succession of international conferences and travelled widely throughout Europe in an effort to bring peace between nations. He was also a leading member of the Liberation Society, which opposed state interference in religion, and this led to his career in politics. In 1868 he was elected to Parliament as the Liberal MP for Merthyr Tydfil. At Westminster he defended the rights of the Welsh and of Nonconformists, becoming known as the 'Member for Wales'. He published a number of letters on the social and political condition of Wales, for the benefit of English readers. He married Matilda Augusta Farley of Kennington on 20 August 1866; there were no children from the marriage. Henry Richard died while visiting friends in Treborth, Bangor, on 20 August 1888 and was buried in London. A statue of Richard was unveiled in Tregaron in 1893.


Scope and content/abstract: Papers of Henry Richard and his family, [early 19 cent.]-1904, including correspondence, 1808-1904; travel journals, 1849-1886; a few items relating to education in Wales, 1870-1883; sermons by Ebenezer Richard, [early 19 cent.]-1834; a family register, 1809-1836; and papers of James Hughes (Iago Trichrug), [1800x1844].


Language/scripts of material: English, Welsh, French

System of arrangement: Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 5503-5511, 10196-10208, 10420-14024, 15498B.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: A detailed list of the contents of NLW 10420-14024, together with an index to NLW 5503-5C, may be found in a Schedule of letters relating to the Richard family, available at the National Library of Wales. The schedule (under the title 'Richard Family') can be accessed online.

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records donated to the National Library of Wales have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated to the National Library of Wales by the Misses Magdalen and Mary Evans (nieces of Henry Richard), Kensington, [1925] (NLW MSS 5503-5511), 1935 (NLW MSS 10196-10208), Miss Mary Evans, London, 1937 (NLW MSS 10420-14024), and the Rev. Henry Richard Evans (grand nephew of Henry Richard), Broadhempston, May 1953 (NLW MS 15498B).


Related material: Other papers of Henry Richard and his family are NLW MS 20395C (currently uncatalogued); NLW, J. Victor Evans Papers; NLW, CMA 2 14172-81.


Note: Title based on contents. Letters, 1888-1904, to Henry Richard's widow postdate his death.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Annette Strauch for the ANW project and Bethan Ifans for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS and revised by Rhys Morgan Jones. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: NLW, Schedule of letters relating to the Richard family; Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales (Aberystwyth, 1943- ), II (1951) and III (1961); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Lewis Appleton, Memoirs of Henry Richard, the Apostle of Peace (London, 1889); Charles S. Miall, Henry Richard M.P.: A Biography (London, 1889); Eleazar Roberts, Bywyd a Gwaith y diweddar Henry Richard, A.S. (Wrexham, [1902?]); Carey Jones, Gyrfa'r Gŵr o Dregaron (Swansea, 1988); D. Ben Rees, The Life and Work of Henry Richard (Nottingham, 2007); Matthew Cragoe, 'Richard, Henry (1812-1888)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography website (, viewed 20 August 2008.

Rules or conventions: Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: March 2003, August 2008 and June 2010

Pacifists | Wales
Politicians | Wales | Archives
Politics, Practical | Wales | 19th century
Richard family, | of Tregaron | Correspondence
Richard, Ebenezer, | 1781-1837 | Archives
Richard, Henry, | 1812-1888 | Archives
Richard, Henry, | 1812-1888 | Travel
Richard, Matilda Augusta | Correspondence
Sermons | Wales

Personal names
Hughes , James , 1779-1844
Richard , Ebenezer , 1781-1837
Richard , Henry , 1812-1888
Richard , Matilda Augusta
Richard family , of Tregaron

Corporate names

Merthyr Tydfil (Wales)
Tregaron (Wales)

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