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National Library of Wales
Vaughan, Arthur Owen, (Owen Rhoscomyl), papers

Reference code(s): GB 0210 OWEMYL

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Arthur Owen Vaughan (Owen Rhoscomyl) Papers

Short Title: Vaughan, Arthur Owen, (Owen Rhoscomyl), papers

Creation date(s): 1880-1977

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.036 cubic metres (2 boxes, 4 volumes, 1 roll)

Name of creator(s): Robert Scourfield Mills; Olwen Vaughan


Administrative/Biographical history: Arthur Owen Vaughan, born Robert Scourfield Mills, (1863-1919), was born and brought up in Lancashire, but was greatly influenced by his maternal grandmother who was born in 1797 at Tremeirchion and grew up there. He wrote under the pen-names Owen Rhoscomyl and Owen Vaughan, and was an adventurer and author. He worked in America as a cowboy and in mining camps. After returning to England, he joined The 1st Royal Dragoons in 1887 leaving in 1890. He served in the Boer War, rising to the rank of captain in Howard's Canadian Scouts, previously having served in Rimington's Guides and Damants's Horse. He returned to Wales in about 1902. He organised the National Pageant of Wales in 1909, and wrote a history for the investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1911. He published several novels, including Old Fireproof. He also wrote on Welsh history, publishing Flame-bearers of Welsh history, and corresponded with Professor J. Glyn Davies. He met his wife, Catherine (née Geere, d. 1927), in South Africa. Following his death, a fund was established to erect an appropriate memorial for his grave, coordinated by Edward James, London correspondent of the Western Mail. After some dispute and the death of his widow, two gravestones were set up on his grave, in Rhyl, Flintshire, one to Colonel Vaughan, and one to Owen Rhoscomyl. He had four children: Rhys, who emigrated to Canada, Olwen, Nest and Emrys Llewellyn. Olwen Vaughan became an architect and surveyor (ARIBA), in Cherry Hinton, Cambridgeshire, specialising in historic building restoration. She amassed a collection of papers relating to him and his family, with the intention of writing a history of the family


Scope and content/abstract: Papers of Robert Scourfield Mills (Owen Rhoscomyl, Arthur Owen Vaughan) and Olwen Vaughan, 1880-1977, including: works by Arthur Owen Vaughan, including genealogical notes, [1905], papers and memorabilia of National Pageant of Wales 1909, and Investiture book, 1911; letters and papers of Arthur Owen Vaughan and family, 1880-1927; newspaper articles and manuscripts concerning Arthur Owen Vaughan, 1914-1955; correspondence and papers relating to the Memorial Fund and memorial, 1921-1928; correspondence of Olwen Vaughan with relatives and friends of Arthur Owen Vaughan, 1938-1960; correspondence of Olwen Vaughan concerning the deposit of papers and other items, 1959-1970; surveys and correspondence relating to the preservation and restoration of Cherry Hinton church, Stuntney Old Hall, and Hill Hall, Essex, 1958-1968; surveys and notes on historic places in England and Wales associated with the Scourfield family, 1968-1969; and correspondence, reports and plans relating to ancient trackways in Devon and Glamorgan, 1974-1977.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: works of Arthur Owen Vaughan; personal and family documents; tributes and newspaper articles; memorial correspondence; letters from Olwen Vaughan; miscellaneous letters relating to Vaughan family; papers relating to Arthur Owen Vaughan and family history; letters acknowledging donations and deposits; Olwen Vaughan's restoration campaigns and surveys; and Olwen Vaughan, trackways reports.

Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue under the title Arthur Owen Vaughan (Owen Rhoscomyl) is available at the National Library of Wales. The catalogue can be accessed online.

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: Three volumes of genealogical research by Vaughan were given by him to Prof. G. Peredur Jones.

Immediate source of acquisition: Part donated by Olwen Vaughan, 1959-1977; part deposited by Prof. G. Peredur Jones, Witherslack, Cumbria, per Miss Dorothy Stott, Kanimbla, Churt, in 1959.


Related material: Further letters of Vaughan are in NLW, J. Glyn Davies Correspondence. His grand-daughter Mrs Vicki Matthew holds further family papers including letters written to Arthur Vaughan's sister Ada during his years in America and then during his time in the Royal Dragoons.


Note: Title supplied from creator of fonds. The archive includes papers post-dating Vaughan's death, relating to his memorial fund, relatives, and to Olwen Vaughan's activities and research.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Annette Strauch and Martin Locock for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: NLW, Schedule of Arthur Owen Vaughan (Owen Rhoscomyl) Papers; Roberts, Alun, Discovering Welsh Graves (Cardiff, 2002); e-mail from Arthur Vaughan's grand-daughter Mrs Vicki Matthew, 3, Marconi Close, Helston, Cornwall, TR13 8PD, received 13 March 2007. {Her postal address is included by permission]

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2003; amended August 2005, further amended March 2007

Authors, English language | Wales
Vaughan, Arthur Owen | Archives
Vaughan, Olwen | Archives

Personal names
Vaughan , Arthur Owen
Vaughan , Olwen
Vaughan family , family of Arthur Owen Vaughan

Corporate names
Rhoscomyl Memorial Fund


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