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National Library of Wales
Ceiriog, manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0210 MSCEIRIOG

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Ceiriog Manuscripts

Short Title: Ceiriog, manuscripts

Creation date(s): [1852x1914]

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 31 volumes

Name of creator(s): John Ceiriog Hughes; and others.


Administrative/Biographical history: John Ceiriog Hughes, poet, was born John Hughes at Llanarmon in 1832. At a very young age he had already published poems in the periodical Baner Cymru and edited a poetry column in Y Greal. His first poetical mentor was Robert Ellis ('Cynddelw'). In 1849 Hughes moved to Manchester, obtaining a job as goods station clerk in London Road. The young man soon entered the circle of influential Welsh literary figures living at that time in Manchester, a circle which included William Williams ('Creuddynfab'), Robert Jones Derfel and John Jones ('Idris Fychan'). It was R. J. Derfel who taught Hughes the value of Wales, the Welsh language and its poetical tradition and it was under Derfel's influence that Hughes added 'Ceiriog' to his name. 'Idris Fychan' passed on to Hughes his love of collecting Welsh airs and melodies, a practice which Hughes kept up thereafter throughout his life. Around 1863, Hughes published Cant o Ganeuon, a collection of Welsh airs to which he had added words of his own composition, effectively rendering the airs into songs. The composer Brinley Richards included Hughes's words to music in his Songs of Wales (London, 1873). In 1865 Hughes returned to Wales and took up the post of station-master at Llanidloes, transferring in 1870 to Tywyn. In 1871 he was appointed railway inspector on the newly-opened line between Caersws and the Van lead mines near Llanidloes. He died in 1887 and was buried at Llanwnog. A collection of Hughes's last poems, Yr Oriau Olaf, were published by Isaac Foulkes ('Llyfrbryf') in 1888.


Scope and content/abstract: Papers, [1852x1914], of or relating to John Ceiriog Hughes ('Ceiriog') containing material largely of literary and eisteddfodic interest. They include correspondence, 1857-1914, to and from 'Ceiriog', and also letters of his wife Annie Hughes and his daughter Delia Ceiriog Evans; autograph poetry, 1857-1887; press cuttings, [1853x1911], which include poetry by 'Ceiriog' and obituaries and tributes to him; and a copy of Oriau'r Hwyr (Rhuthyn, [1860]), with press cuttings of reviews.


Language/scripts of material: Welsh, English.

System of arrangement: Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 10165-10195.

Conditions governing access:

Conditions governing reproduction:

Finding aids: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961), pp. 193-198.


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Acquired from Mrs Delia Ceiriog Evans, London, daughter of John Ceiriog Hughes, in 1935.


Related material: For other letters of John Ceiriog Hughes, see NLW MS 307B (1875-1885); NLW MS 585B (to Hughes and his wife) (1866-1890); NLW MS 7381B (1873-c. 1885); NLW MS 17527B (with later material relating to Hughes) (1860-1913); NLW MS 21620B (?1860-1862).


Note: Title based on contents. Formerly Ceiriog MSS 1-31.

Archivist's note: Description compiled by Bethan Ifan for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS, and revised by Bethan Ifan. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961); Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940 (Llundain, 1953); Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on-line.

Rules or conventions: Description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: August 2008 & May 2011

Hughes, John Ceiriog | 1832-1887 | Archives

Personal names
Hughes , John Ceiriog , 1832-1887

Corporate names


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