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National Library of Wales
Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry Research Papers

Reference code(s): GB 0210 WELHORSE

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry Research Papers

Short Title: Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry Research Papers

Creation date(s): 1894-1959

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.115 cubic metres (4 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Julian Franklyn and Lord Kensington.


Administrative/Biographical history: The Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry was part of the Territorial Force of the British Army, and served as part of the Eastern Mounted Brigade (with the Norfolk and Suffolk Yeomanries) and later in the South Eastern Mounted Brigade (with the Sussex, West Kent, and Royal East Kent Yeomanries) during the First World War. The first regiment of the Yeomanry was raised throughout Wales in August 1914 under the auspices of Captain Owen Vaughan ('Owen Rhoscomyl'), and command was given to Hugh Edwardes, 6th Baron Kensington, as Lieutenant-Colonel. The headquarters of the Welsh Horse were initially in Cardiff, but they were subsequently moved to Newtown and later to Norfolk and Kent; most of the soldiers' training was carried out in Glamorgan, Pembrokeshire and Norfolk. Operating primarily as infantry, 1/1 Welsh Horse fought in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, before being amalgamated with 1/1 Montgomeryshire Yeomanry in 1917 to form 25 Battalion The Royal Welsh Fusiliers, which saw action on the Western Front. Two further regiments of the Welsh Horse (2/1 and 3/1) were raised in 1914 and 1915, with the purpose of providing support for 1/1; neither entered combat, since their purpose was to act as a Reserve (2/1) and to provide initial training (3/1), and both disappeared in administrative re-organisations in 1916 and 1917. The Welsh Horse (Lancers) ceased to exist as a separate Yeomanry after further re-structuring of the Army at the end of the War. --- In 1954, the writer Julian Franklyn was commissioned by William Edwardes, 7th Baron Kensington and the son of Hugh Edwardes, to produce a memoir of the Welsh Horse, a draft of which was completed in 1957, relying on Lord Kensington's own papers, official records, and an appeal in the press for information from former soldiers and their families, many of whom contributed their own documents. The memoir, entitled '"Copy their virtues" being a memoir of the Welsh Horse (Lancers)', was never published.


Scope and content/abstract: Papers accumulated during the course of Julian Franklyn's research into the recruitment, training, equipment and campaigns of the Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry, with particular reference to Lord Kensington's role in them, including many records that were originally created by the Welsh Horse itself and first accumulated by Kensington as its commanding officer.


Language/scripts of material: English and Turkish.

System of arrangement: Arranged into three groups: army records; personal papers of Lord Kensington; and Julian Franklyn research papers. The original arrangement has generally been retained, although a small number of papers have been re-arranged (see appropriate levels of description for details).

Conditions governing access: Access to this archive was formerly closed until 2022, but this restriction has been lifted due to the 2000 Freedom of Information Act. Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to abide by the conditions set out in information provided when applying for their Readers' Tickets, whereby the reader shall become responsible for compliance with the Data Protection Act 1998 in relation to any processing by them of personal data obtained from modern records held at the Library.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids: The catalogue is available online.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records donated to NLW have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Archival history: Many of the papers in the archive were accumulated by the author Julian Franklyn during the course of compiling his memoir about the Welsh Horse, and many others were accumulated by Hugh Edwardes, 6th Lord Kensington, as commander of the Welsh Horse. All of these papers were put into the care of William Edwardes, 7th Lord Kensington, who donated them to the National Library of Wales.

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated by the Rt Hon. William Edwardes, 7th Baron Kensington, per Messrs Simmons and Simmons, Threadneedle Street, London, May 1962.


Related material: A bound typescript copy of the memoir is NLW MS 18107C.


Note: Title supplied from contents.

Archivist's note: Compiled by David Moore. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: NLW MS 18107C; Bryn Owen, Owen Rhoscomyl and the Welsh Horse (Caernarfon : Palace Books, 1990); papers within the archive.

Rules or conventions: ANW guidelines conforming to AACR2 and NCA rules

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2013

Gallipoli Peninsula (Turkey) | History, Military
Great Britain | Army | Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry | Records and correspondence
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | Belgium
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | France
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | Jerusalem
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | Libya
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | Palestine
World War, 1914-1918 | Campaigns | Turkey | Gallipoli Peninsula

Personal names
Edwardes , Hugh , 1873–1938 , Baron Kensington
Franklyn , Julian , 1899-1970

Corporate names
Great Britain | Army | Eastern Mounted Brigade
Great Britain | Army | Welsh Horse (Lancers) Yeomanry


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