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National Library of Wales
Baxter, William, manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0210 MSWILLBAXT

Held at: National Library of Wales

Title: William Baxter Manuscripts

Short Title: Baxter, William, manuscripts

Creation date(s): [c. 1701]-1737

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 3 volumes

Name of creator(s): William Baxter; Moses Williams


Administrative/Biographical history: William Baxter (1650-1723) was a classicist and antiquary, born in Llanllugan, Montgomeryshire. He attended Harrow School for five years from the age of eighteen. He worked as a schoolmaster in Hitchin, 1676-1679, Stoke Newington, 1689-1694, and Tottenham High Cross, 1694-1710, and was headmaster of the Mercer's School, London, 1710-1721. On 16 July 1689 Baxter married Sarah Cartwright of Hillingdon, Middlesex, and they had five children. He died at Hillingdon on 31 May 1723 following a long illness. Baxter's first published work was the Latin grammar, De Analogia (London: R. Everingham, 1679, Wing B1457). This was followed by editions of Anacreon in 1695, Horace in 1701 and his most famous work the Glossarium Antiquitatum Britannicarum (London: W. Bowyer, 1719, ESTC T40850). Various other works, including his commentary on Juvenal, were left unpublished or unfinished at his death. Due to Baxter's failing health the Glossarium had been published with the help of the Welsh scholar Moses Williams (1685-1742). Williams later published some of Baxter's unfinished works as Reliquiæ Baxterianæ; sive, Willielmi Baxteri Opera Posthuma (London: [William] Bowyer, 1726, ESTC T144349). He also published Proposals for Printing by Subscription D. Gulielmi Baxteri Quæsupersunt Enarrationes & Notæ in D. Junii Juvenalis Satyras (London: [William] Bowyer, 1732, ESTC T135764) but no edition was forthcoming.


Scope and content/abstract: Manuscripts of, or relating to, William Baxter, [c. 1701]-1737, comprising his commentary on Juvenal's Satires, [c. 1701], notes on the Codex Bezae text of the New Testament, [?early 18 cent.], and a transcript by Moses Williams of the Juvenal commentary, 1732-1737.


Language/scripts of material: Latin, Greek, some English, Hebrew and Welsh.

System of arrangement: Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 23973-5.

Conditions governing access:

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply.

Finding aids:


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: Purchased from Moses Williams' widow, along with Williams' other manuscripts, by William Jones (1675-1749), F.R.S., tutor to the second Earl of Macclesfield; bequeathed by Jones to the Earl of Macclesfield; kept at Shirburn Castle until their sale at auction in 2008. Other Moses Williams manuscripts at Shirburn Castle were sold to Sir John Williams in 1899, incorporated into his own collection at Llanstephan, and were donated by him to NLW in 1909 (now NLW, Llanstephan MSS 1-154).

Immediate source of acquisition: Purchased at auction at Sotheby's, London, 13 March 2008 (lot 3879) (004494850, 004494873, 004494901).



Note: Title based on contents.

Archivist's note: Description compiled by Rhys Morgan Jones. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Mark McDayter, 'Baxter, William (1650-1723)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography WWW site, viewed 6 December 2011; Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Sotheby's, The Library of the Earls of Macclesfield removed from Shirburn Castle, Part Eleven: English Books and Manuscripts (London, 2008); Arthur Percival, 'William Baxter (1649-1723)', Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (1957), 58-86.

Rules or conventions: Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2012

Baxter, William, | 1650-1723 | Archives
Bible. | N.T. | Criticism, Textual
Juvenal | Criticism and interpretation

Personal names
Baxter , William , 1650-1723
Williams , Moses , 1685-1742

Corporate names


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