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Anglesey Archives
Cefnmawr and Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn papers

Reference code(s): GB 0221 WDD and WDD SH1

Held at: Anglesey Archives

Title: Cefnmawr and Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn Papers

Short Title: Cefnmawr and Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn papers

Creation date(s): 1773-1970

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 1.200 cubic metres (3,598 items and 3 shelves of rolled items)

Name of creator(s): Owen family of Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn


Administrative/Biographical history: Humphrey Owen (1788-1865) of Rhuddgaer, Anglesey's, second son, William Humphrey Owen (1825-1896), a sea captain, was resident in Plas Penrhyn. W.H. Owen was who was the owner or part owner of a number of Liverpool-based ships in the world trade, particularly guano to South America. Plas Penrhyn passed to his nephew, Humphrey Owen (b. 1871). Humphrey's third son, Thomas Owen (b. 1827) inherited Rhuddgaer, and married Mary Jane Gordon, daughter of John Gordon Jones of Bodwrog. Humphrey Owen of Rhuddgaer's brother was Hugh Owen (1795-1878), of Quirt, in the parish of Llangeinwen, Anglesey. His eldest daughter, Ann Wynn, married Richard Hughes of Cefn Mawr, Llangaffo. Their son, Richard Lloyd Hughes married his cousin, Margaret Ellen Owen, daughter of Thomas Owen (b. 1827) of Rhuddgaer. W. H. Owen


Scope and content/abstract: Estate papers relating to the Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn estate, 1823-1955, including plans, accounts and sale catalogues; papers relating to the Cefn Mawr estate, 1877-1947, Bodwrog estate, 1784-1895 and Quirt estate, 1881-1919; sale catalogues, 1858-1935; family papers, 1790-1970, including accounts and correspondence; legal papers, 1818-1881; papers relating to Malltraeth Marsh, 1821-1939; papers of the Glanrafon Slate Quarries, 1878-1891; and photographs, [mid 19th cent.]-1932. The archive also includes papers relating to ships and shipping, 1868-1906, especially the shipping papers of W. H. Owen of Plas Penrhyn, 1825-1896. These papers include letters to the family from Welsh and often Anglesey sea captains reflecting life on board merchant ships during the Victorian period. See also arrangement field.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically into the following: Llangaffo papers; Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn, Llangeinwen, papers; miscellaneous printed works; and miscellaneous photographs (listed in vol. 1); miscellaneous family papers; miscellaneous accounts, bills, and receipts; lawyers' accounts; papers re. estate management, including rents, dealings with tenants, valuations, taxation, farm improvements, papers re. Malltraeth Marsh; papers re. proposals to prospect for coal in Malltraeth Marsh; Tan Terfyn boundary dispute; papers re. Glanrafon slate quarries; papers re. building of Anglesey-Caernarfon Direct Railway; sale catalogues and related documents; papers re. ships and shipping; miscellaneous printed documents; photographs; and Bodwrog papers (listed in vol 2); family papers; general papers not concerning the estates; books and other printed material; and papers of Lt-Col T.W.L. Hughes (listed in vol. 3); miscellaneous family papers; papers re. Rhuddgaer embankment; insurance policies for Plas Penrhyn and Rhuddgaer estate; religious works; family photographs; photographs with mainly Anglesey interest; and miscellaneous items (listed in vol. 4.); Cefn Mawr estate; papers re. Quirt; letters of condolence, in memoriam cards and testamentary papers; papers re. Fleet surgeon Lloyd Thomas; papers re. the plays of H.O. Hughes; papers re. Roman coffin and coins found at Rhuddgaer, and cinerary urns at Plas Penrhyn; papers re. the poet William Watson; papers re. Richard Lloyd Hughes; papers re. Margaret Ellen Hughes; papers re. Jane Mary Hughes; papers re. Ann Dora Hughes; photographs; and miscellaneous (listed in vol. 5); Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn papers; Cefn Mawr papers; and miscellaneous (listed in vol.6); daily journals; letters; and miscellaneous (listed in vol. 7); and shipping papers of W. H. Owen of Plas Penrhyn (1825-1896) (listed in vol. 8).

Conditions governing access: No restrictions apart from nos. 2622-2889, which are closed until 12 Oct. 2041.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Record Office, Caernarfon Record Office, National Library of Wales (vols 1-7 only) and the National Register of Archives. It is the policy of Gwasanaeth Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Archives Service to catalogue in the language of the document.

Language codes: eng


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Anglesey County Record Office/Archifdy Ynys Môn have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Private deposit, between 1973 and 1981.



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: March 2002

Estate administration | Wales | Anglesey
Guano | South America
Merchant ships | England | Liverpool
Owen family, | of Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn | Archives
Slate industry | Wales | Anglesey

Personal names
Hughes , T. W. L. , [alive 1977]
Owen , William Humphrey , 1825-1896
Owen family , of Rhuddgaer and Plas Penrhyn

Corporate names
Bodwrog Estate (Wales)
Cefn Mawr Estate (Llangaffo, Wales)
Glanrafon Slate Quarries (Anglesey, Wales)
Plas Penrhyn Estate (Wales)
Quirt Estate (Wales)
Rhuddgaer (Wales: Estate)

Llangaffo (Wales)
Llangeinwen (Wales)
Malltraeth Marsh (Wales)

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