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Anglesey Archives
Anglesey Poor Law Union records

Reference code(s): GB 0221 WG

Held at: Anglesey Archives

Title: Anglesey Poor Law Union Records

Short Title: Anglesey Poor Law Union records

Creation date(s): 1833-1941

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 4.400 cubic metres

Name of creator(s): Anglesey Poor Law Union; Holyhead Poor Law Union; Bangor and Beaumaris Poor Law Union; Caernarvon Poor Law Union.


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. The Anglesey Union included most of the parishes on the island was formed in 1837, and in 1852 the Holyhead Union was split from it. There were two workhouses in Anglesey, at Llannerchymedd (Llanerch-y-medd) and Valley. The parishes in the southeast of the island were part of the Bangor and Beaumaris Union, while Llanfair-y-Cwmwd, Llangaffo, Llangeinwen, Llanidan and Newborough were part of the Caernarvon Union (records of which are held in Caernarfon Record Office). The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Poor Law Unions of Anglesey. Angelsey Union, 1837-1948, comprising records of the Board of Guardians including minutes, 1837-1930; accounts, 1845-1930; records relating to lunacy, 1846-1915; statistics, 1853-1930; out-relief, 1846-1931; removal and settlement records, 1853-1858; children's records, 1869-1930; statements received for preservation, 1838-1927; correspondence, 1845-1929; letter books, 1892-1909; miscellaneous records, 1839-1874; records of the Workhouse Master, 1887-1918; Relieving Officer, 1837-1930; District Medical Officer, 1837-1933; records relating to registration of births, marriages and deaths, 1849-1855; vaccination, 1879-1890; assessment, 1862-1927; school attendance, 1878-1882; infant life protection, 1909-1929. Records of the Holyhead Union, 1852-1941, comprising records of the Board of Guardians, including minutes 1852-1930; accounts, 1852-1930; records relating to lunacy, 1909-1915; statistics, 1868-1930; out-relief, 1867-1920; children's records, 1908-1930; and statements received for preservation, 1856-1909; treasurer's records, 1882-1930; Workhouse Master, 1870-1932; Officer in charge of the Children's Home, 1926-1941; Relieving Officer, 1854-1931; Collector to the Guardians, 1879-1933; records relating to vaccination, 1912-1929; assessment, 1862-1927; and sanitation, 1872-1893. Records of the Bangor and Beaumaris Union, 1833-1938, comprising records of the Board of Guardians, 1837-1930; accounts, 1837-1930; records relating to lunacy, 1861-1900; statistics, 1881-1928; out-relief, 1845-1926; provision of workhouse, 1838-1929; mortgages, 1900-1925; children's records, 1833-1929; irremoveability, settlement and removal, 1890-1925; appointment of officers, 1852-1929; letter books, 1837-1930; orders, 1837-1904; correspondence, 1870-1929; Treasurer, 1921-1924; Workhouse Master, 1846-1938; Officer in Charge of Children's Homes, 1900-1924; Relieving Officer's records, 1891-1931. Records of the Caernarvon Union, 1890-1931, including Collector's records for Anglesey, 1899-1930.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Anglesey Union; Holyhead Union; Bangor and Beaumaris Union; and Caernarvon Union.

Conditions governing access: Restrictions on access to records of living individuals

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Record Office, Caernarfon Record Office, and the National Register of Archives. It is the policy of Gwasanaeth Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Archives Service to catalogue in the language of the document.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Record Office have been approved for retention.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: Some records were deposited by Anglesey County Council in the Library of the University College of North Wales, Bangor, and transferred to the Llangefni Area Record Office, 1974, before it became Anglesey Record Office.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the Clerk of the Anglesey County Council.


Related material: Related material is Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Record Office, WCC/WEL, Public Assistance. The main records for the Caernarvon Poor Law Union are in the Caernarfon Record Office, XG/2/


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Archifdy Ynys Môn/Anglesey County Record Office, Catalogue, Anglesey Poor Law Records; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 27 June 2003.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: June 2003; Amended January 2008

Anglesey Union | Archives
Caernarvon Union | Archives
Holyhead Union | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Anglesey | Administration

Personal names

Corporate names
Anglesey Union
Bangor and Beaumaris Poor Law Union
Caernarvon Union
Holyhead Union

Anglesey (Wales)

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