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Flintshire Record Office
Penbedw manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0208 D/B

Held at: Flintshire Record Office

Title: Penbedw Estate Papers

Short Title: Penbedw manuscripts

Creation date(s): 1544-1953 (predominantly 1772-1953)

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 346 items

Name of creator(s): Penbedw estate


Administrative/Biographical history: In 1675 Sir Roger Mostyn of Mostyn purchased the manor and mansion house of Penbedw from Owen Thelwall of Blaen-Ial for £1,360. This, and other purchases made by Sir Roger, were eventually conveyed by him to his son Richard and his heirs upon his marriage to Charlotta Digby in 1687. Their daughter married Richard Williams whose heir was Watkin Williams who married Elizabeth Stapleton, great-granddaughter of John Digby. On the 9th September 1852 William Barber Buddicom bought Penbedw for £46,000. The abstract of the title noted that the former owners were Thomas Mostyn Williams (manor and lordship of Penbedw), Richard Williams, Sir Rowland Hill, E. Kynaston (probably during a period of minority or mortgage), Watkin Williams and Annabella Puleston. In 1853 the particulars of the sale noted that the estate comprised 1,820 acres. William Barber Buddicom was a locomotive and civil engineer. He worked on the Grand Junction railway and designed the 'Crewe' type engine before moving to France to work on the Paris and Rouen railway. He amassed his fortune by buying shares in the fledging railway companies which gained value as the popularity of the railway system increased. He bought more land in the area, buying the Hope-Owen property in Hope in 1856-1857, and the Cilcain Hall estate for £15,000 in 1873. Coal reserves were also found in the Penbedw estate in this period and land from Penbedw was used to accommodate the Mold and Denbigh railway line. Harry William Buddicom, son of William Barber Buddicom inherited the Penbedw estate on the death of his elder brother, Walter Hownam Buddicom, in 1892. Harry added the 3,000 acre Nant Glyn estate to the Penbedw estate. He was succeeded by his eldest daughter, Venetia Digby Buddicom, who lived at Penbedw on the death of her father in 1925. On her death in 1969 the property was bought by Effold Developers.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds, 1610-1870; estate records including rentals, 1853-1858, accounts, 1852-1924, auction sale particulars, 1853-1920, estate correspondence, 1783-1910, records of Penbedw manor, 1544-1827, maps and charts, 1834-1911; personal papers, 1818-1924; railway papers, 1834-1886, continental railway papers, 1846-1899, patents, 1856-1919; and business papers and corespondence, 1836-[early 20 cent.]; letter books, 1840-1921.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: deeds, estate records, family papers

Conditions governing access: Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain personal information as defined by the Act.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available a Flintshire Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives. Catalogue is searchable online at:


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Flintshire Record Office have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:


Related material: Further papers relating to the Penbedw estate are Flintshire Record Office, D/P, and National Library of Wales, Peniarth Estate Papers DF1-740.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project, updated by Steven Davies of Flintshire Record Office. Catalogue Inputting by Paul Boult and Kimberley Hayes. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Lewis, J.B., 'An account of the Penbedw papers in the Flintshire Record Office', Flintshire Historical Society Publications, vol. 25, (1971-1972); Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 1952).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition, AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: September 2001

Deeds | Wales | Flintshire
Estate administration | Wales | Flintshire
Manors | Wales | Flintshire
Penbedw Estate (Wales) | Records and correspondence

Personal names
Buddicom , William Barber , 1816-1887

Corporate names
Penbedw Estate (Wales)

Flintshire (Wales)
Nannerch (Wales)
Penbedw (Wales)

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