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Flintshire Record Office
Gyrn Estate Papers

Reference code(s): GB 0208 D/GY

Held at: Flintshire Record Office

Title: Gyrn Estate Papers

Short Title: Gyrn Estate Papers

Creation date(s): 1664-1962

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 428 items

Name of creator(s): Gyrn Estate of Llanasa


Administrative/Biographical history: In the early eighteenth century, Gyrn, in the parish of Llanasa, formed part of the estate of the Mostyns of Cilcain. It passed to Rev. Samuel Edwards of Pentre Hall, Montgomeryshire on his marriage to Charlotte, eldest daughter of Roger Mostyn, esq., c.1749, but in the following year he sold it to Thomas Hughes of Halkyn. His son, Robert (d.1806) bequeathed it to James Ewer of Holywell who in turn sold it to John Douglas (a partner in Douglas, Smalley & Co., the Holywell cotton manufacturers) in 1817. This period was one of great prosperity for the Douglas family and it was John Douglas who built the present Gyrn Castle and furnished it with a fine collection of pictures and plate. Later, in 1853 when their fortunes had declined along with the local industries the family were forced to sell the castle and it was bought by Edward Bates of Manydown Park, Hampshire, a Liverpool merchant, who was created a baronet in 1880. Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates, the fifth baronet, and the present owner of Gyrn, is his great-grandson. Many of the papers in this collection relate to the ancestors of Sir Geoffrey Bates on his mother's side. She was the daughter of Sir James Heath and his wife, Euphemia Celina (Effie), daughter of Celina and Pieter Van der Byl of South Africa. The Van der Byl family were of Dutch origin and when Celina, daughter of Philip and Celina Blyth, married Pieter Van der Byl in 1853 she went out to South Africa to settle there with her husband. A great deal of correspondence, covering the period from 1854 to 1910 much of it relating to life at the Cape, has survived, including many items written by St.John Gore, brother-in-law of Euphemia Van der Byl, during active service in the Boer War. Other items of particular interest are a volume of sale particulars of the Gyrn estate, 1855-65, including a lithograph view of the property from the sea, a group of papers relating to the advowson of the parish of Charles in North Devon, 1875-1928, and legal papers concerning title to mineral rights in Llanasa, 1814-1859.


Scope and content/abstract: Deeds relating to premises in Llanasa, 1717-1939, including deeds relating to a stone quarry, 1819-1853, and to Cilcain Hall estate, 1726-1807; correspondence and papers concerning Llanasa embankment, 1840-1861; correspondence and papers relating to the shipping interests of the Bates family, 1869-1915, and to a manganese reduction plant in India, 1907-1910; and correspondence of the Van der Byl and Heath families relating to South Africa, including the Boer War, 1850-1910.


Language/scripts of material: English, Afrikaans, Dutch, Welsh, French

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: deeds; estate records; plans; ecclesiastical records; family papers; business records; legal papers; miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Flintshire Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives. Catalogue is searchable online at:


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Flintshire Record Office have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:


Related material: Further deeds and estate papers, 1727-1861, are Flintshire Record Office, D/KK. Further papers relating to the Bates family are Hampshire Record Office, 21M58 and further papers relating to their shipbuilding business are Liverpool University, Special Collections and Archives, D641/5, and National Maritime Museum, Manuscripts Section, BAT.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Veysey, A.G., ed., Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (Flintshire County Record Office, 1974).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2001

Bates family, | of Gyrn | Archives
Cilcain Hall Estate (Wales) | Archives
Deeds | Wales | Llanasa
Llanasa Embankment Trust | Records and correspondence
Manganese industry | India
Quarries and quarrying | Wales | Flintshire
Shipping | Wales | Flintshire
Transvaal (South Africa) | History | War of 1880-1881

Personal names
Bates family , of Gyrn

Corporate names
Cilcain Hall Estate (Wales)

India ()
South Africa ()

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