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Flintshire Record Office
Dee and Clwyd River Authority records

Reference code(s): GB 0208 DC

Held at: Flintshire Record Office

Title: Dee and Clwyd River Authority Records

Short Title: Dee and Clwyd River Authority records

Creation date(s): 1653-1979

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 1544 items

Name of creator(s): Dee and Clwyd River Authority

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: In 1965, the Dee and Clwyd River Authority was constituted, superseding the numerous earlier authorities concerned with the navigation of the Dee Estuary and the drainage of low-lying coastal and estuarial land. The construction of a navigable cut from Chester to Connah's Quay had been empowered by an Act of 1732, to replace the old deep-water channel to the north of the estuary, and in 1740 the River Dee Company was created to maintain the navigation. The Dee Conservancy Act 1889 established the Dee Conservancy Board, taking over the Company's functions. In 1938, the Conservancy Board officially came to an end. An Act of 1794 constituted the Rhuddlan Marsh Embankment Trust; the coasts and the banks of the river were embanked. In 1921, the River Clwyd Drainage Board took over their powers, and in turn passed them to the Dee and Clwyd River Authority. The enclosure of Rhyl Marsh was considered in 1831, and a committee was set up. In 1853, the Rhyl Improvement Commissioners became responsible for the Rhyl Marsh Committee. The River Dee Drainage Board was established under the Land Drainage Acts of 1861 and 1918 and the River Dee Drainage Order of 1922. This Board was abolished in 1934, and replaced by the River Dee Internal Drainage Board. The River Dee Catchment Board was established in 1930 to maintain main water courses and land drainage. In 1946, its powers were wholly transferred to the Rivers Dee and Clwyd Catchment Board, established by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. In 1950, together with the Rivers Dee and Clwyd Fishery Board, it became the Dee and Clwyd River Board, under the River Boards Act, 1948. The Rivers Clwyd and Elwy Fishery Board was created in 1894; in 1949, it was amalgamated with the River Dee Fishery Board and the River Dee Joint Committee to form the Rivers Dee and Clwyd Fishery Board. The Hawarden Embankment Trust was active from 1853 to 1930. The Central Flintshire Water Board held its first meeting in 1964. The West Denbighshire and West Flintshire Water Board held its first meeting in 1965. From 1974 until 1979, the Welsh National Water Development Authority, later the Welsh Water Authority, comprised three different divisions of River, Water, and Sewage. The Hawarden and District Waterworks Company was incorporated in 1883, but from 1964 its undertakings were under the Central Flintshire Water Board.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Dee and Clwyd River Authority, 1542-1978, including records relating to the River Dee Company, 1542-1889; Dee Conservancy Board records, 1890-1966; Rhuddlan Marsh Embankment Trust records, 1684-1941; Rhyl Marsh Enclosure records, 1836-1852; River Dee Drainage Board records, 1610-1939; River Dee Catchment Board records, 1770-1954; River Clwyd Drainage Board records, 1846-1933; River Dee and Clwyd Catchment Board, 1848-1965; River Dee Fishery Board records, 1866-1956, and plans, 1732-1974; River Dee Joint Committee, 1935-1950; records relating to the Hawarden Embankment Trust, 1853-1930; River Dee Internal Drainage Boards, 1934-1936; records relating to the West Denbighshire and Flintshire Water Board, 1965-1974; and records relating to the Welsh National Water Development Authority, 1974-1978.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: River Dee Company; Dee Conservancy Board; Rhuddlan Marsh Embankment Trust; Rhyl Marsh Enclosure; miscellaneous; plans; and additional.

Conditions governing access: Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain sensitive personal information as defined by the Act.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Flintshire Record Office. Catalogue is searchable online at: http://calmview.flintshire.gov.uk/CalmView/

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the Dee & Clwyd River Authority, Chester per Dr H.H. Crann, Chief Officer and Engineer and by the Welsh National Water Authority, Mold between 1971 and 1979.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Further records are Flintshire Record Office, FC/C/4/55-65; and LE.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. Many records of earlier bodies pre-date the foundation of the Dee and Clwyd River Authority. There are a number of early plans.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Annette Strauch for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Flintshire Record Office, Catalogue of Dee & Clwyd River Authority Records; Environment Agency website(www.environment-agency.gov.uk), viewed 13 January 2004; Versey, A.G., Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (Flintshire County Council, 1974).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2004


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Dee Conservancy Board | Archives
Dee and Clwyd River Authority | Archives
Flood control | Wales | Flintshire
Nature conservation | Wales | Flintshire
Rhuddlan Marsh Embankment Trust | Records and correspondence
River Dee Catchment Board | Records and correspondence
River Dee Company | Records and correspondence
River Dee Drainage Board | Records and correspondence
River Dee Fishery Board | Records and correspondence
Rivers | Regulation
Sewage disposal | Wales | Flintshire
Water quality management | Wales | Flintshire
Water resources development | Wales | Flintshire
Water-supply | Wales | Flintshire

Personal names

Corporate names
Dee Conservancy Board
Dee and Clwyd River Authority
Great Britain | Welsh National Water Development Authority
Hawarden Embankment Trust
Rhuddlan Marsh Embankment Trust (Wales)
Rhyl Marsh Enclosures (Wales)
River Clwyd Drainage Board
River Dee Catchment Board
River Dee Company
River Dee Drainage Board
River Dee Fishery Board
River Dee Internal Drainage Board
River Dee Joint Committee
River Dee and Clwyd Catchment Board
West Denbighshire and Flintshire Water Board

Places
Flintshire (Wales)

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