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Ceredigion Archives
Cardiganshire Enclosure Acts Collection

Reference code(s): GB 0212 T/TR, ENC/1

Held at: Ceredigion Archives

Title: Cardiganshire Enclosure Acts Collection

Short Title: Cardiganshire Enclosure Acts Collection

Creation date(s): 1813-1887

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Enclosure Commissioners


Administrative/Biographical history: The enclosure of arable land, waste and common by private Act of Parliament became common from 1750; since it involved the extinction of the common rights of tenants and others, it often benefited the larger landowners. There were soon so many Acts that the first Public General Act was passed in 1801 to simplify the procedure. Many bills were opposed, either by people wishing to revise clauses, or by people opposed to the enclosure in any form. The most serious opposition took the form of a counter-petition. Sometimes a new bill had to be presented and enclosure could be delayed for many years. In Cardiganshire, the parishes of Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelyn, were enclosed in 1813-1824. In 1845, a new body, the Enclosure Commissioners, became responsible for permitting enclosure in response to applications from local landowners, and issuing awards including land allotments. Enclosure of the parish of Llanddewi Brefi proved controversial and was not completed until 1883.


Scope and content/abstract: Records relating to enclosure in the county of Cardiganshire, 1813-1887, relating mainly to Llanddewi Brefi enclosure, including legal documents, 1864-1883; volume of newspaper cuttings relating to the proceedings of the enclosure, 1877-1887. The fonds also includes acts for the enclosure of land in the parishes of Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelyn, 1813-1824.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into two groups: records relating to Llanddewi Brefi enclosure; and records relating to Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelyn enclosure.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available at Ceredigion Archives. The catalogue is available online.

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The records relating to the Llanddewi Brefi enclosure were held in the National Library of Wales and were transferred with the records of Cardiganshire Board of Guardians. The Acts relating to the parishes of Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn and Llangynfelyn were held in the West Sussex Record Office, England and the Gwent Record Office.

Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred by the West Sussex Record Office and the Gwent Record Office, per the Public Record Office, Kew, England, 1979, and the National Library of Wales, 1986.



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Ceredigion Archives online catalogue (, Enclosure Acts - Llanddewi Brefi, Enclosure Acts, viewed 17 November 2003; Hey, David, Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2003

Enclosures | Wales | Llandewi Brefi
Enclosures | Wales | Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn
Enclosures | Wales | Llangynfelyn

Personal names

Corporate names

Cardiganshire (Wales)
Llanddewi-Brefi (Wales)
Llanfihangel Genau’r-glyn (Wales)
Llangynfelyn (Wales)

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