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Ceredigion Archives
Cardiganshire Quarter Sessions records

Reference code(s): GB 0212 CARION

Held at: Ceredigion Archives

Title: Cardiganshire Quarter Sessions Records

Short Title: Cardiganshire Quarter Sessions records

Creation date(s): 1739-1971

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: To be supplied

Name of creator(s): Cardiganshire Court of Quarter Sessions

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Cardiganshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Cardiganshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Cardiganshire Court of Quarter Sessions, predominantly comprising Quarter Sessions rolls, order books, 1739-1971, sessions files, 1949-1968, appeals to Quarter Sessions, 1926-1967, committals for sentence, 1952-1967; lists of freeholders serving on juries, 1789, 1816; printed notices for the enclosure of lands, 1834.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: order/minute books; files relating to the trial of prisoners; appeals to Quarter Sessions; committals for sentence; miscellaneous documents.

Conditions governing access: Subject to statutory 30 year closure period (to 2004).

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the National Library of Wales.

Detailed catalogue

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected.

Archival history: Held at the National Library of Wales from 1974 until 2001.

Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred from the National Library of Wales to Ceredigion Archives, 2001.

ALLIED MATERIALS

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description : Schedule of Cardiganshire Quarter Sessions Records; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History c.1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: August 2003


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Great Britain. | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace | (Cardiganshire) | Archives

Personal names
Miles , Dillwyn

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Cardiganshire)

Places
Cardiganshire (Wales)

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