Reference code(s): GB 0214 DF
Held at: Glamorgan Archives
Title: Fonmon Castle Estate records
Short Title: Fonmon Castle Estate, records
Creation date(s): 1242-1838
Level of description: Fonds
Extent: 2.75 cubic metres (over 3,500 items - 140 volumes)
Name of creator(s): Fonmon Castle estate
Administrative/Biographical history: Fonmon was one of many castles built by the Normans to defend the land that they had conquered in the Vale of Glamorgan. The St John family of Fonmon Castle were obliged to sell the estate, which was bought in 1658 by the parliamentarian Colonel Philip Jones (1618-1674). After the Restoration in 1660, he held on to the acquisitions that he had made under the Commonwealth, and was succeeded by sons Sir John Jones and Oliver Jones. The family also acquired the Boverton estate in Glamorgan from the Seys family. Oliver Jones's son, Robert Jones (1682-1715) succeeded as a minor, as did his eldest son Robert Jones (1706-1742). His eldest son, another Robert Jones (d. 1793), lived beyond his means, resulting in much of the estate being mortgaged, and he spent his latter years on the continent, mainly in France, in refuge from his creditors. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Robert Jones (1773-1834, dsp) who was succeeded by his younger brother's eldest son, Robert Oliver Jones (1811-1886), who in 1853 married Sarah Elizabeth (d 1869), daughter of J. Bruce Pryce of Dyffryn, and sister of the first Lord Aberdare, and died without male issue. The estate was later acquired by the Boothby family of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire.
Scope and content/abstract: Surveys, 1650-1775, rentals, 1633-1811, and accounts, 1642-1822, of the Fonmon estate and the Boverton estate; deeds and settlements, 1612-[c. 1838]; law suits, [c. 1651]-1847, including several brought against Colonel Philip Jones after the Restoration; probate records, 1667-1840; correspondence, 1649-1912; vouchers, [c. 1649]-1840; court books, court rolls, etc., of Glamorgan manors, 1623-1770; records of manors in Monmouthshire, 1579-1784, Gloucestershire, [17th century], and Hampshire, 1580; letters from John and Charles Wesley, 1745-1787; drawings and plans, 1784-[c. 1881], including a plan of an action between the French and English fleets on 12 April 1782 [Battle of the Saintes?], 1784, a plan of the Bastille in Paris, [c. 1790], and a section of a proposed channel tunnel railway, [19th century]; papers relating to Glamorgan and national politics, [c. 1712]-[c. 1886]; historical sketch of the parish of Penmark, in the autograph of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg'; official correspondence, etc., addressed to Captain Oliver J. Jones serving in the East on HMS Shannon, 1860-1865; pedigree roll of Henry Mathew of Llandaf ,compiled by Thomas Johns of Tregaron, 'Twm Sion Catti', 1577; churchwardens' and highway accounts for the parish of Penmark, 1738-1801; papers relating to the Llandaff Diocesan Church Extension Society, 1850-1892; Glamorgan Quarter Sessions papers, 1867-1888; minutes of the Glamorgan Education Board, 1867-1876; and a register of the Company of Cordwainers and Glovers of Cardiff, 1783-1806.
Language/scripts of material: English, Latin
System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically by record type.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions.
Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Record Office conditions apply.
Finding aids: Detailed handlists are available at the Glamorgan Record Office, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, and the National Register of Archives.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Glamorgan Record Office have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected.
Archival history: The archive was held at the National Library of Wales from 1932 before being transferred to the Glamorgan Record Office. The volumes were numbered at NLW. Volumes 1-5 and 42, effectively scrap-books of very miscellaneous material probably compiled by Sarah Elizabeth Jones (nee Pryce, d 1869), have been broken down into their constituent items, which have been incorporated into the body of the archive. The catalogue notes the volume and item number of these documents.
Immediate source of acquisition:
Related material: Papers relating to the Boothby family estates in England, which later owned Fonmon Castle estate, are Glamorgan Record Office: DFBO, Deeds relating to the Boverton estate (parts of which at least were acquired by the Welsh Land Settlement Society) are Glamorgan Record Office.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.
Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for Fonmon Castle; Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of Fonmon Castle; Debrett's Peerage (London,1990).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH.
Date(s) of descriptions: March 2002; revised November 2004