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Glamorgan Archives
Air Raid Precautions records

Reference code(s): GB 0214 DARP

Held at: Glamorgan Archives

Title: Air Raid Precautions, Glamorgan records

Short Title: Air Raid Precautions records

Creation date(s): 1939-1946

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.07 cubic metres (100 items)

Name of creator(s): Air Raid Precautions, Glamorgan County Area

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The need for precautions to protect the civilian population from air attack was seen as early as 1935, but the real precautionary measures began in 1937, with the establishment in Wales of ARP Committees by the local councils and the setting up of the Air Raid Warden Service, the first of which were appointed in Cardiff in 1939. Local Control Centres were set up throughout the Glamorgan area and the wardens were required to know everything about the local ARP organisation and how to contact it. In the event of an attack, their duties were to advise the local people where the shelters were, report the fall of bombs and any fires in their sector, check on damage, guide the police and the fire brigade to incidents and assist the public to new places of shelter. When the Blackout Regulations began to be eased in September 1944, there was a general reduction in ARP activities and this was followed by the final stand-down of the Civil Defence Organisation on 2 May 1945.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Air Raid Precautions, Glamorgan County Area, 1939-1946, consisting of: log books and attendance books relating to Glamorgan Main Control Centre, 1939-1946; Barry Control Centre, 1940-1944; Bridgend Control Centre, 1939-1945; Caerphilly Control Centre, 1939-1944; Gorseinon Control Centre, 1940-1945; Bargoed and Hengoed Control Centre, 1939-1944; Maesteg Control Centre, 1941-1944; Neath Control Centre, 1940-1944; Penarth Control Centre, 1940-1944; Pontypridd Control Centre, 1940-1945; and Whitchurch Control Centre, 1939-1944. There are no records for Mountain Ash control centre, Pentre control centre, Pontardawe control centre and Port Talbot control centre).

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by Control Centre, and then by type and date.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Archives have been retained.

Physical characteristics: Good to fair condition

Finding aids: A full version of the catallogue can be searched online at http://calmview.cardiff.gov.uk/calmview/

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Archives have been retained. Record Office reference numbers were allocated to each centre in the county area (in the sequence DARP/1 onwards), in anticipation, but from some centres no documents were recovered.

Accruals: Accruals are possible.

Archival history: These records were created by the Civil Defence, Air Raid Precautions for the Glamorgan County Area, 1939-1946. They were deposited between 23 February 1949 and 27 March 1953 by various persons and organisations.

Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred by the Glamorgan County Council at various intervals.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Related units of description held at the Glamorgan Record Office: Records of the Glamorgan Constabulary which includes a half-inch scale plan of Glamorgan showing Air Raid Precautions Report Centres, February 1939 (DCON/P/30).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Hayden Burns for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for the Civil Defence - Air Raid Precautions (Glamorgan County Area); O Brien, Terence H., Civil Defence, (London, 1955); Powell, Don, Pontypridd at War, 1939-1945, (Cardiff, 1999); Morgan, Dennis, Cardiff. A City at War, (Cardiff, 1998); Harrison, Tom, Living through the Blitz, (London, 1976).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2003. Amended July 2004


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Air Raid Precautions | Wales | Glamorgan
Civil defence | Wales | Glamorgan

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Glamorgan County Area
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Bargoed Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Barry Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Bridgend Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Caerphilly Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Gorseinon Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Maesteg Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Neath Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Penarth Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Pontypridd Control Centre
Great Britain | Air Raid Precautions Dept. | Whitchurch Control Centre (Wales)

Places
Bargoed (Caerphilly, Wales)
Barry (Wales)
Bridgend (Wales)
Caerphilly (Wales)
Gorseinon (Wales)
Hengoed (Caerphilly, Wales)
Maesteg (Wales)
Neath (Wales)
Penarth (Wales)
Pontypridd (Wales)
Whitchurch (Cardiff, Wales)

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