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Glamorgan Archives
Cory Brothers & Co. Ltd., shipping merchants records

Reference code(s): GB 0214 DCB

Held at: Glamorgan Archives

Title: Cory Brothers & Co. Ltd., shipping merchants records

Short Title: Cory Brothers & Co. Ltd., shipping merchants records

Creation date(s): 1857-1943

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.18 cubic metres (7 vols & 4 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Cory Brothers & Co. Ltd


Administrative/Biographical history: Richard Cory (1799-1882), of Devon, was the owner of a small vessel which traded between Cardiff, Bristol and Ireland in the early part of the 19th century. In 1838, he opened a ships' chandler store in Cardiff, Glamorgan. In 1844, Richard Cory was joined by his sons, John (1828-1910) and Richard (1830-1914), and traded as Richard Cory and Sons. They described themselves as ship brokers, ship owners, coal merchants and exporters. In 1859, when Richard Cory (the elder) retired, John and Richard re-named the business Cory Brothers & Co. It became a limited liability company in 1888. John and Richard Cory became coal owners in their own right with the purchase of Pentre colliery in the Rhondda, Glamorgan, in 1868. Gelli, Tynybedw and Tydraw collieries were later acquired, as were several collieries in adjoining valleys. The brothers also became the largest private wagon-owners in the United Kingdom. They opened coaling stations around the world, and by 1908 had 118 agencies and depots on all the major shipping routes. They supplied coal on a worldwide basis, most of it coming from their collieries in the Rhondda. The company opertaed subsidiary companies including Aden Coal Co. Ltd and Gueret, Llewellyn and Merrett Ltd. In 1942, the company was bought by the Powell Duffryn Group, but has maintained its identity as a shipping agent to the present. As their wealth increased, the brothers began to give assistance to social, educational, and moral reform causes in Cardiff, and to evangelical movements, particularly the Salvation Army. They supported the temperance movement, and established the Cory Temperance Hall which was made available for public meetings. In memory of his work for the people of Cardiff, a bronze statue of John Cory, designed by Sir William Goscombe John, was erected in the city in 1905.


Scope and content/abstract: Minutes books for Cory Brothers & Co.Ltd., 1888-1905, 1910-1942; deeds and related papers, 1857-1927; and minutes books of Aden Coal Co. Ltd, 1881-1925, and Gueret, Llewellyn and Merrett Ltd, 1927-1943.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by type and date.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Record Office conditions apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the Glamorgan Record Office.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by a private individual, 1998



Archivist's note: Compiled by Hayden Burns for the ANW project and amended by Richard Morgan, August 2004, with reference to: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for Cory Brothers & Co. Ltd; Daunton, M. J., Coal Metropolis Cardiff 1870-1914, (Leicester, 1977); Morgan, Dennis, The Cardiff Story, (Cowbridge, 1991): Cory Brothers website ( viewed 10 January 2005.

Rules or conventions: Description follows Glamorgan Record Office guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition,; AACR2 and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: August 2004

Coal mines and mining | Wales | Glamorgan
Coal trade | Wales | Cardiff
Ship brokers | Wales | Cardiff
Shipping | Wales | Cardiff

Personal names
Cory , John , 1828-1910
Cory , Richard , 1799-1882
Cory , Richard , 1830-1914

Corporate names
Cory Bros. & Company

Bristol (England)
Cardiff (Wales)
Glamorgan (Wales)
Ireland ()
Rhondda (Wales)

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