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Glamorgan Archives
Glamorgan Constabulary records

Reference code(s): GB 0214 DCON

Held at: Glamorgan Archives

Title: Glamorgan Constabulary records

Short Title: Glamorgan Constabulary records

Creation date(s): 1841-1968

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 16 cubic metres

Name of creator(s): Glamorgan Constabulary


Administrative/Biographical history: In 1836, borough police forces were set up in Cardiff, Neath and Swansea, Glamorgan. Merthyr Borough followed in 1908. For the parts of Glamorgan not covered by the borough forces it was decided, in 1839, that a trial force be set up. This consisted of six officers appointed under one superintendent, and initially covered only Miskin Lower and Caerphilly. Based on its success, the decision was taken in 1841 to establish a new police force to cover the whole of the county, called the Glamorgan Constabulary. The Glamorgan Constabulary was the largest police force in the area, covering the former county of Glamorgan. Initially the force was divided into four districts for administrative purposes; Merthyr, Newbridge, Ogmore and Swansea. In 1911, following a major restructuring, eight police divisions were established, each with its own divisional headquarters. Minor alterations were periodically made to this structure. In particular, the Neath Division was added in 1947, when the Borough police force was disbanded and became part of the Glamorgan Constabulary. The borough forces and the Glamorgan Constabulary continued side by side until the establishment of the South Wales Police Authority in 1969.


Scope and content/abstract: Glamorgan Constabulary records pertaining to the recruitment, strength and size of police force, conditions of service, salaries, statistics, official reports, special duties, orders and regulations and uniform and equipment, 1841-1968; records pertaining to the Chief Constables' office, includes diaries and correspondence, 1889-1941; records pertaining to the districts/divisions, sub-divisions, and police stations (including borough police forces), 1840-1968; records pertaining to individual police officers, including notebooks, car logbooks, miscellaneous, scrapbooks, poems and cards etc. [c. 1840]-[c. 1970]; ground plans, sections and elevations relating to various Glamorgan police stations, [c. 1850]-[c. 1950]; general orders and circulars, 1912-1951; and Glamorgan Constabulary headquarters, 1911-1969.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged according to date and type.

Conditions governing access: Access to some police records is restricted as many of them contain sensitive information about individuals. It is advisable to contact the Record Office in advance of a visit, to ensure that the records can be made available for consultation in our public searchroom.

Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Record Office conditions apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the Glamorgan Record Office.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are possible.

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the South Wales Police Authority at various dates.


Related material: Related units of description held at the Glamorgan Record Office: DCONC, Cardiff Borough Police Force; DCONMT, Merthyr Tydfil Borough Police; DCONS, Swansea Borough Police Force; DCONN, Neath Borough Police Force; and DCONP Glamorgan Constabulary Plans. Additional information about the police can be found in the records of the Quarter Sessions, County Council and Borough Councils, because of the involvement of local authorities in the administration of the police force.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Hayden Burns for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for the Glamorgan Constabulary; Baker, E. R., 'The beginnings of the Glamorgan County Police', Glamorgan Historian vol. 2, (Barry, 1965); Hunt, Walter, W., To Guard My People: An Account of the Origin and History of the Swansea Police, (Swansea, 1957); Jones, David J. V., Crime and Policing in the 20th Century: the South Wales Experience, (Cardiff, 1996).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: December 2003

Glamorgan Constabulary | Records and correspondence
Police stations | Wales | Glamorgan | Designs and plans
Police | Wales | Glamorgan

Personal names

Corporate names
Cardiff Borough Police Force
Glamorgan Constabulary
Merthyr Tydfil Borough Police Force
Neath Borough Police Force
Swansea Borough Police Force

Aberdare (Wales)
Barry (Wales)
Bridgend (Wales)
Glamorgan (Wales)
Neath (Wales)
Pontypridd (Wales)
Ton Pentre (Wales)
Treharris (Wales)
Ystrad Mynach (Wales)

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