Reference code(s): GB 0214 DGA
Held at: Glamorgan Archives
Title: Wales Gas Board records
Short Title: Wales Gas Board records
Creation date(s): 1831-[c. 1957]
Level of description: Fonds
Extent: 0.72 cubic metres (Various volumes, files, bundles, plans, and papers)
Name of creator(s): Aberdare Gas Undertaking; Barry Gas Undertaking; Bridgend Gas Undertaking; Cardiff Gas Company; Cowbridge Gas Company; Dowlais Gas Undertaking; Wales Gas General; Garw and Ogmore Gas Undertaking; Llantrisant Gas Undertaking; Maesteg & Glyncorrwg Gas Undertaking; Merthyr Tydfil Gas Undertaking; Porthcawl Gas Undertaking; Pontypridd Gas Undertaking; Rhondda Gas Undertaking; Rhymney and Aber Gas
Administrative/Biographical history: Gas companies were first set up in south Wales between the years 1820-1830. The provision of gas for lighting at Swansea, and Cardiff in 1821, and Newport, 1825, was so successful that other undertakings were soon set up in other regions such as Merthyr Tydfil, 1836; Pontypridd, 1850; Dowlais, 1856; and Bridgend, 1869. By the middle of the 19th century, the general dissatisfaction with the actions of many undertakings led to the passing of Acts of Parliament to regulate the industry - Gas Works Clauses Acts 1847, 1871; Sale of Gas Act 1859. During the latter half of the century, the industry saw a period of development and amalgamation, with the formation of holding companies and the acquition by local authorities. In the Rhymney Valley, a succession of small undertakings came into being: Caerphilly Gas Light Company and Water Works Company Ltd, 1869; Hengoed Gas and Water Company Ltd, 1877; Bargoed Gas and Water Company Ltd, 1877; Rhymney and Aber Valley Gas and Water Company Ltd , 1878. All these companies were amalgamated by a Special Act of Parliament in 1898 under the title of the Rhymney and Aber Valleys Gas and Water Company. From the 1880s to the boom years after the First World War, there was a growing demand for gas, and attempts were made to extend and improve the various production plants within the region. However, the Depression affected the Welsh gas industry, and some smaller companies went bankrupt and amalgamations continued. In 1949, the gas industry was nationalised and the Wales Gas Board became the first public industry to serve the whole of Wales.
Scope and content/abstract: Aberdare Gas Undertaking, 1845-1949, includes: Acts of Parliament, 1845-1920; minutes books and reports, 1871-1949; financial records, 1871-1949; shareholders records (registers, transfers, ledgers), [c. 1864]-1949; correspondence, agreements and contracts, 1869-1949. Barry Gas Undertaking, 1908-1920, includes: minutes, accounts, reports, Acts of Parliament, 1889-1948; miscellaneous records, 1908-1913; Ordnance Survey plans, 1900-1920. Bridgend Gas Undertaking, 1869-1941, includes: minutes, reports, correspondence, 1869-1961; technical drawings, 1922-1941. Cardiff Gas Company, 1836-1953, includes: Acts of Parliament, 1837-1943; minutes, reports, 1836-1949, financial records, 1839-1951; correspondence, contracts, agreements, etc. 1837-1953; shareholders registers, 1831-1948; co-partnership records, 1909-1951; South Wales Gas Grid (Eastern Area) Working Committee, 1947-1948. Llantrisant Gas Undertaking, 1879-1950, includes: Llantrisant Gas Light & Coke Company Ltd, 1879-1949; Nationalisation of Gas - The Gas Act, 1948, 1931-1950; acts and orders, 1913-1934. Maesteg & Clyncorrwg Gas Undertaking, 1866-1952, includes: minutes, 1868-1949; shares, 1868-1944; accounts, ledgers, etc, 1873-1950; miscellaneous, 1866-1952. Merthyr Tydfil Gas Undertaking, [c. 1870]-[c. 1957], includes: financial records, 1872-1950; specifications, 1902-1911; photographs, [c. 1870]-[c. 1957]; plans, [c. 1906]. Porthcawl Gas Undertaking, 1929-1939, includes: specifications, 1929-1931; plans, 1919-1955; technical drawings, 1933-1939. Pontypridd Gas Undertaking, 1885-1951, includes: Registers, 1885-1941; correspondence files, 1918-1949; Gas Council, Associations, and Federations, 1935-1951; plans and drawings, 1896-1921. Rhondda Gas Undertaking, 1868-1949, includes Acts of Parliament, 1870-1916; legal, 1895-1910; minutes and reports, 1916-1937; agreements, contracts, specifications, 1897-1949; waterworks, 1868-1921; and plans, 1883.
Language/scripts of material: English
System of arrangement: Arranged according to Gas Undertaking: DGA/A/1-96, Aberdare Gas Undertaking; DGA/B/1-120, Barry Gas Undertaking; DGA/BR/1-20, Bridgend Gas Undertaking; DGA/C/1-230, Cardiff Gas Company; DGA/COW, Cowbridge Gas Company; DGA/D, Dowlais Gas Undertaking; DGA/GEN/1, Wales Gas General; DGA/GO/1-18, Garw and Ogmore Gas Undertaking; DGA/LL/1-10, Llantrisant Gas Undertaking; DGA/M/1-19, Maesteg & Clyncorrwg Gas Undertaking; DGA/MT, Merthyr Tydfil Gas Undertaking; DGA/PC/1-29, Porthcawl Gas Undertaking; DGA/PP/1-32, Pontypridd Gas Undertaking; DGA/Q/1-7, Rhymney and Aber Gas Undertaking (Part); DGA/R/1-25, Rhondda Gas Undertaking; DGA/RA/1-28, Rhymney and Aber Gas; and then according to type and date.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions.
Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Archives conditions apply.
Physical characteristics: Good to fair condition
Finding aids: A full version of the catalogue can be searched online at http://calmview.cardiff.gov.uk/calmview/
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are possible.
Archival history: The Wales Gas Board inherited the records of its predecessor bodies.
Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by the Wales Gas Board at various intervals.
Related material: Related units of description transferred to the West Glamorgan Archive Service, Swansea, include: DGA/AM, Ammanford Gas Undertaking; DGA/G, Gowerton Gas Undertaking; DGA/LLY, Llanelli Gas Undertaking; DGA/N, Neath Gas Undertaking; DGA/P, Pontardulais Gas Undertaking; DGA/PD, Pontardawe Gas Undertaking; DGA/PT, Port Talbot Gas Undertaking; and DGA/S, Swansea Gas Undertaking.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. The archive mainly comprises earlier records transferred to the Wales Gas Board.
Archivist's note: Compiled by Hayden Burns for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for Wales Gas Board; Jones, Richard & Cyril G. Reeve, A History of Gas Production in Wales, (Wales, 1978).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH.
Date(s) of descriptions: January 2004