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Glamorgan Archives
Bute Estate Debenham Tewson collection

Reference code(s): GB 0124 DBDT

Held at: Glamorgan Archives

Title: Debenham Tewson, solicitors, Cardiff, Bute Estate collection

Short Title: Bute Estate Debenham Tewson collection

Creation date(s): 1849-1976

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 800 items

Name of creator(s): Trustees to the Bute Estate; Debenham Tewson Solicitors, Cardiff


Administrative/Biographical history: The Bute family are decended from King Robert II of Scotland and came to own lands in Glamorgan following the marriage of John, Lord Mountstuart to a local hieress Charlotte Windsor in the 1700s. The family came to Cardiff in 1766 and in the process acquired huge estates and mineral rights across the Welsh valleys. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the rapid growth of the coal mining industry caused the Bute family to become extremely wealthy and by the time the third Marquis (1847-1900) inherited the estate following his father's death in 1848 he was considered one of the wealthiest men in Britain. The third Marquis, however, was only an infant on his father's death hence the running of the Glamorgan estate was administered by two trustees during the long period of his minority. By the death of the third Marquis in 1900 the Bute estate amounted to 20,000 acres in Glamorgan. These lands were divided between his sons John (the 4th Marquis), and Colum, who received most of the Bute lands in the Vale of Glamorgan. During the fourth Marquis' lifetime the Bute family lost a number of interests in Glamorgan which began with the sale of urban lands in 1909, the sale of the Bute collieries and lands and properties in the coalfield and the sale of the Bute docks and railways during the 1920s.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Bute Estate comprising leases, letters, conveyances, licences, deeds and miscellaneous documents relationg to various premises and lands in Cardiff, Aberdare, Cogan, Eglwysilan, Gelligaer, Lavernock, Leckwith, LLandough, Llanharan, Llanishen, LLantrisant, LLantwit Fardre, Llanwonno, Penarth, Pentyrch, Pontypridd, Rhigos, Rudry, Ystradyfodwg, 1849-1976


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by geographical area

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Record Office conditions apply

Finding aids: Detailed List available


Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by a private depositor, 1991


Related material: DA; DB


Archivist's note: Compiled by Annabel Wickham for the ANW Project; Sources used: Glamorgan Record Office finding aids, Cardiff web page at

Rules or conventions: Description follows Archives Network Wales guidlines based on ISAD(G) second edition; AACR2 and LCSH.

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2006

Debenham Tewson, Solicitors | Archives

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Glamorgan (Wales)

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