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Swansea University
Cymmer Colliery

Reference code(s): GB 0217 SWCC : MNB/COL/8

Held at: Swansea University

Title: Cymmer Colliery

Short Title: Cymmer Colliery

Creation date(s): 1911- c.1937

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 1 envelope

Name of creator(s): Cymmer Colliery


Administrative/Biographical history: Cymmer Colliery is situated in Porth in the Lower Rhondda Valley. The mineral rights for the colliery was leased by George Insole and his son, James in September 1844. The same year they opened the South Cymmer Level to the No. 2 Rhondda Seam. This was followed by a the No. 1 (Old Pit) shaft in 1847. During the 1850s, Insole sank two further pits on Cymmer land; these were the Upper Cymmer Pit (1851) and the New Cymmer Pit (1855). In 1856, the Cymmer Colliery was the site of one of the worst mining disasters in Wales when 114 miners were killed.
Insole and Son became a registered company in 1869. The Colliery remained an independant concern under the same family ownership until closure in 1940.
Source: Ray Lawrence, The South Wales Coalfield Directory, Vol. 2 (1998 edn), p. 181


Scope and content/abstract: Pay ticket 1911; Circulars c.1937


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access: Access unrestricted unless stated otherwise.

Conditions governing reproduction: A photocopying service is available. Contact repository for details.
No publication without written permission from the Archivist.

Finding aids: A hardcopy list is available in the searchroom.

Language codes: eng


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:



Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Coal mines and mining | Wales, South
Price indexes
Wages | Coal miners

Personal names

Corporate names

Cymmer Colliery (Wales) ()
Porth (Wales)

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