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Swansea University
Abergavenny and District Co-operative

Reference code(s): GB 0217 SWCC : MND/2

Held at: Swansea University

Title: Abergavenny and District Co-operative

Short Title: Abergavenny and District Co-operative

Creation date(s): 1934-1964

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 3 items

Name of creator(s): Various

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The modern co-operative movement evolved from the activities of the Rochdale Pioneers in 1844. The basic idea was that each co-operative would run a shop which sold local produce and that each member of the co-operative had shares in the shop. The manufacturing of goods to sell would also provide employment for the co-operative's members. Co-operatives were not just economic in nature; there was also a social dimension. They could help members improve their conditions and create a sense of community. Co-operative societies were owned and regulated by their members and customers.
The Co-operative Wholesale Society Limited united all the individual co-operatives in a federation for the wholesale buying and manufacturing of goods. The North of England Co-operative Wholesale Society Limited was created in 1864 and the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society Limited in 1868. In 1872 the `North of England' was dropped from the title of the organisation and the Co-operative Wholesale Society represented the whole of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland with its base in Manchester. It merged with the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society in 1973. The co-operatives became involved in a wide range of activities from printing and publishing to agriculture and piano manufacture. By the 1950's there were approximately 10 million 'co-operators' in the United Kingdom.
The Co-operative Union Limited is a federation of co-operative societies including the Co-operative Wholesale Society and other co-operative bodies in the British Isles. It functions as a governing and advisory body, defining co-operative practice and spreading information throughout the co-operative world. It was established in 1869.
In 1934 the CWS Retail Co-operative Society Limited was set up with the purpose of establishing co-operatives in areas previously without them and for taking over societies which were experiencing difficulties due to adverse economic circumstances. In 1957 it was renamed Co-operative Retail Services Limited.
In 1883 the Womens Co-operative Guild was created. At first it was called the Women's League for the spread of Co-operation. The Women's Co-operative Guild was set up to spread information on the purpose of co-operatives and their value to the community and the nation as a whole; it also promoted women and improved their standing in society.
Abergavenny and District Co-operative Society is a co-operative society in the South Wales region of the Co-operative Union Limited, in Abergavenny [Y Fenni].

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Contains 2 education committee minute books (1934-1943 and 1943-1964), and a history of the Abergavenny and District Co-operative Society entitled You inherit by Percy Wall (1960).

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access: Access unrestricted unless stated otherwise.

Conditions governing reproduction: A photocopying service is available. Contact repository for details. No publication without written permission from the Archivist.

Finding aids: A paper list is available.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: GB 0217 SWCC : MNC/COP Co-operative Societies in South Wales
A description of this collection is held on the Archives Hub.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Finding aid encoded by Julie Anderson April 2003 with reference to GB 0217 SWCC: MNC/COP

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Coal miners | Wales, South
Coal mines and mining | Wales, South

Personal names

Corporate names
Abergavenny and District Co-operative Society
Co-operative Union Ltd

Places
Abergavenny (Wales)
Monmouthshire (Wales)

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