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Gwent Archives
Abergavenny, Lord, manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0218 D1583

Held at: Gwent Archives

Title: Lord Abergavenny MSS

Short Title: Abergavenny, Lord, manuscripts

Creation date(s): [1575x1600]-[c. 1950]

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 32 boxes, 22 vols

Name of creator(s): Nevill family, Lords Abergavenny

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Lords Nevill of Abergavenny traced their descent from Walter, earl of Herefordshire and constable of England, the brother-in-law of Hamelyn (dsp. 1090), the Norman conqueror of Over Gwent and first feudal lord of Abergavenny. The Nevill family retained possession of their Monmouthshire estate until it was disposed of in the 20th century. The Nevills' Monmouthshire estates were a relatively minor part of their over-all landholdings. According to the 1873 return of owners of land, the Earl of Abergavenny owned some 15,000 acres in Sussex, 6,000 acres in Kent, and 7,000 acres in Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Monmouthshire and Herefordshire, besides 11 acres in Norfolk (the manor of Sculton Burdeleys). Their principal residence was at Eridge, Kent, where the 2nd earl built a castle in the early 19th century on the pre-existing Eridge Park hunting lodge. The castle was demolished just before the Second World War and a modern house built, when the name reverted to Eridge Park.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Title deeds and leases of the Marqueses of Abergavenny's estates in Monmouthshire, paricularly for the parishes of Abergavenny, 1698-1946, Aberystruth, 1862-1915, and Abersychan, 1845-1952, Brecknockshire, 1906-1955, and Herefordshire, 1628-1935; estate administration records, 1800-1954, including accounts, 1815-1867, surveys, 1821-1862, rentals, 1868-1947, and papers relating to the sale of the Monmouthshire and Herefordshire estates, 1908-1954; manorial papers, including papers relating to the manor of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire, 1758-1899, perambulations of the manor of Abergavenny, 1870-1885, papers relating to disputes over the River Usk fishery, 1696-1908; papers relating to the Blaenavon Co. Ltd, 1787-1942, the Nantyglo & Blaina Ironworks Co. Ltd, 1859-1943, and the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron & Coal Co. Ltd, 1919-1933.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged by parish and record type within each county.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Gwent Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives. Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from Manorial Documents Register

Language codes: eng

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The Marquess's Monmouthshire estates were administered from Abergavenny until about 1910 when the office was closed and transferred to Sussex, the family residing for most of the year at Eridge. Many of the earlier records were destroyed once their legal and administrative usefulness had ceased. With two exceptions (one item from the late 16 century and one dated 1628) the surviving collection dates from the late 17 century. These surviving records were held by the East Sussex Record Office in Lewes from 1960, until they were deposited at the Gwent Record Office. They include some material relating to south Herefordshire and for Breconshire as Lord Abergavenny did not want to split up the archive.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposit. It is Gwent Record Office's policy to withold information about donors or depositors in view of possible misuse.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Further family papers are Gwent Record Office, D7 and D2075 as are various manorial documents relating to the Lordship of Bergavenny, MAN/A/2. The principal collections of family papers are in East Sussex Record Office and the Centre for Kentish Studies. A number of legal case papers are at Northumberland Record Office as part of the Westmorland (Apethorpe) collection. Further estate records are National Library of Wales, Marquess of Abergavenny Papers.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Complete Peerage (London, 8 vols, 1887-98), vol. I; Bradney, Joseph, A History of Monmouthshire (London, 1992 facsimile ed.), vol. 1, part 1; Gwent Record Office, Catalogue of the records of Lord Abergavenny's estates.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: February 2001


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Deeds | England | Herefordshire
Deeds | Wales | Monmouthshire
Deeds | Wales | Powys
Estate administration | Wales | Monmouthshire
Fisheries | Wales | Usk, River
Manors | England | Ewyas Lacy
Manors | Wales | Monmouthshire

Personal names
Nevill family , Marquesses of Abergavenny

Corporate names
Abergavenny Manor and Lordship (Wales)
Blaenavon Company (1864-1870)
Blaenavon Company (1879-)
Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Company
Marquess of Abergavenny estate
Nantyglo and Blaina Ironworks Co.

Places
Abergavenny (Wales)
Abersychan (Wales)
Aberystruth (Wales)
Ewyas Lacy (England)

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