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Gwent Archives
Newport Board of Guardians records

Reference code(s): GB 0218 CSW.BG.N.

Held at: Gwent Archives

Title: Newport Board of Guardians Records

Short Title: Newport Board of Guardians records

Creation date(s): 1836-1950

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: (Information to be supplied)

Name of creator(s): Newport (Wales). Poor Law Union. Board of Guardians


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Newport Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Bedwas, Bettws, Bishton, Caerleon, Christchurch, Coedcernyw, Dyffryn, Goldcliff, Graig, Henllys, Kemeys Inferior, Llandevenny, Llangattock, Langstone, Llanfihangel Llantarnam, Llanhennock, Llanmartin, Llanwern, Llanvaches, Llanwern, Lower Machen, Machen, Magor, Malpas, Marshfield, Michaelston-y-Fedw, Mynyddislwyn, Nash, Newport, Penhow, Peterstone Wentlooge, Redwick, Risca, Rogerstone, St Brides Wentlooge, St Woolloos, Tredunnock, Whitson and Wilcrick in Monmouthshire and Llanfedw and Rhyd-y-gwern in Glamorgan. The parishes of Rumney and St Mellons, Monmouthshire, were added in 1895. The Union workhouse was built in 1837-1838 in Newport. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929. Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of Newport Poor Law Union, 1836-1950, including Guardians' minute books, 1836-1927; Guardians' agenda books, 1879-1930; committee minutes, 1842-1930; correspondence, 1836-1930; relief order books, 1912-1928; Relieving Officer's records, 1908-1930; District Medical Officer's relief books, 1881-1930; registers and returns, 1845-1927; financial records, 1836-1929; Caerleon Industrial schools records, 1860-1913; workhouse administration and related records, 1837-1950.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: General administration; Poor relief; Medical; Reports, registers and returns; Finance; Caerleon industrial schools; Workhouse administration.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Newport Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 23 September 2005.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: September 2005

Newport Poor Law Union. | Board of Guardians | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Newport

Personal names

Corporate names
Newport Poor Law Union | Board of Guardians

Newport (Wales)

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