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Gwent Archives
Pontypool Board of Guardians records

Reference code(s): GB 0218 CSW.BG.P.

Held at: Gwent Archives

Title: Pontypool Board of Guardians Records

Short Title: Pontypool Board of Guardians records

Creation date(s): 1836-1930

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: (Information to be supplied)

Name of creator(s): Pontypool (Wales). Poor Law Union. Board of Guardians


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Pontypool Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Glascoed, Goetre, Gwehelog, Gwernesney, Kemeys Commander, Llanbadoc, Llanddewi Fach, Llandegveth, Llangeview, Llangibby, Llanhilleth, Llanllowel, Llantrisant, Llanvihangel Pontymoel, Llanfrechfa Lower, Llanfrechfa Upper, Mamhilad, Monkswood, Panteg, Pontypool, Trevethin, Trostre and Usk in Monmouthshire. The Union workhouse was built in 1837 in Pontypool. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929. Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of Pontypool Poor Law Union, 1836-1930, including Guardians' minute books, 1836-1930; committee minutes, 1877-1930; out letter books, 1873-1922; correspondence, 1842-1929; relief order books, 1878-1930; Relieving Officer's records, 1883-1922; medical records, 1857-1924; registers and returns, 1869-1930; financial records, 1836-1930; workhouse administration records, 1836-1930.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: General administration; Poor relief; Medical; Reports, registers and returns; Finance; Workhouse administration.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Pontypool Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 26 September 2005.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: September 2005

Pontypool Poor Law Union. | Board of Guardians | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Pontypool

Personal names

Corporate names
Pontypool Poor Law Union | Board of Guardians

Pontypool (Wales)

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