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Gwent Archives
Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions records

Reference code(s): GB 0218 QS

Held at: Gwent Archives

Title: Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions Records

Short Title: Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions records

Creation date(s): 1719-1956

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: (Information to be suppied)

Name of creator(s): Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions


Administrative/Biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Monmouthshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Monmouthshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels, and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1719-1956, including minute books, 1769-1929; draft minute books, 1805-1814; record books, 1830-1942; draft record book, 1855-1866; records of proceedings, 1779-1780; printed minutes, 1836-1953; papers and reports to Quarter Sessions, 1789-1037; sessions order records, 1787-1830; petitions and memorials to Quarter Sessions, 1811-1922; special pleas, 1789-1790; Chairman's notebooks, 1862-1953; sessions files and bundles, 1937-1955; process records, 1719-1938; records of jury panels, 1809-1920; jury lists, 1824-1893; recognizances, 1790-1936; indictments and presentments, 1780-1949; depositions, 1818-1937; records of convictions, 1831-1872; calendars of prisoners, 1808-1936; estreat rolls, 1797-1874; records of appeals, 1784-1954; probation records, 1907-1936; records relating to insolvent debtors, 1796-1847; sessions rules and standing orders, 1857-1906; records of the Clerk of the Peace, 1796-1951; County Treasurer's records, 1789-1928; records relating to the maintenance of bridges, 1791-1889; records relating to county buildings, 1787-1886; constabulary records, 1802-1951; records relating to diseases of animals, 1865-1891; election records, 1832-1889; county gaol records, 1790-1923; records of the Justices of the Peace, 1795-1935; licensing records, 1810-1955; records relating to militia, 1795-1796; public general statutes, 1792-1827; government reports, 1811-1946; records relating to the appointment of officers, 1803-1952; bastardy returns, 1845-1859; records of charities, 1815-1863; Court of Sewers records, 1722-1894; records relating to parliamentary elections, 1767-1879; enclosure awards and maps, 1808-1870; fisheries records, 1865-1931; deputations to gamekeepers, 1796-1924; records relating to highways, 1787-1888; lunatic returns, 1829-1910; records of public undertakings, 1771-1956; sacrament certificates, 1795-1806; certificates of oaths, 1789-1863; oaths and declarations, 1763-1881; records of societies, 1794-1869; summary jurisdiction returns, 1780-1929; vagrancy and settlement records, 1789-1889; miscellaneous maps, 1824-1933; miscellaneous books, 1884-1928.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Judicial records, including general, process records, juries, recognizances, presentments, depositions, convictions, calenders of prisoners, estreat rolls, appeals, probation, debtors, session rules and standing orders; Administrative records including general, Clerk of the Peace, County Treasurer, county bridges, county buildings, constabulary, diseases of animals, elections, county gaols, Justices of the Peace, licensing, militia and miscellaneous; Enrolled deposited, registered or returned records, including appointments of officers, bastardy, charities, court of sewers, parliamentary elections, enclosure awards and maps, fisheries, game preservation, highways, jurors, licensing, lunacy, public undertaking, religion, societies, summary jurisdiction returns, vagrancy and settlement and miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded


Related material: Further records of Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions are National Library of Wales, Papists' returns, 17th century-18th century.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Monmouthshire Court of Quarter Sessions, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History, c. 1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2005

Court records | Wales | Blaenau Gwent
Court records | Wales | Monmouthshire
Court records | Wales | Newport
Court records | Wales | Torfaen
Criminal courts | Wales | Blaenau Gwent
Criminal courts | Wales | Monmouthshire
Criminal courts | Wales | Newport
Criminal courts | Wales | Torfaen
Great Britain. | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace | (Monmouthshire) | Archives
Local government | Wales | Blaenau Gwent
Local government | Wales | Monmouthshire
Local government | Wales | Newport
Local government | Wales | Torfaen

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Monmouthshire)

Monmouthshire (Wales)

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