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Gwent Archives
Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions minute book

Reference code(s): GB 0218 A1104

Held at: Gwent Archives

Title: Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions Minute Book

Short Title: Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions minute book

Creation date(s): 1760-1813

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: (1 item)

Name of creator(s): Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Borough of Newport was granted its own Court of Quarter Sessions in 1623. The Court of Quarter Sessions sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Monmouthshire until the early 19th century, by which time it was breaking down, and was not re-established after the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. The Borough Justices however held Petty and Licensing Sessions, and from 1840 the Petty Sessions was called the Police Court. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels, and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions minute book, 1760-1813.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded

ALLIED MATERIALS

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Newport Borough Court of Quarter Sessions, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History, c. 1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2005


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Court records | Wales | Newport
Criminal courts | Wales | Newport
Great Britain. | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace | (Newport, Wales) | Archives
Local government | Wales | Newport

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Newport, Wales)

Places
Newport (Wales)

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