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Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office
Caernarvon Union records

Reference code(s): GB 0219 XG/2

Held at: Gwynedd Archives: Caernarfon Record Office

Title: Caernarvon Union Records

Short Title: Caernarvon Union records

Creation date(s): 1842-1946

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Caernarvon Poor Law Union; Caernarfonshire County Council, Public Assistance Committee


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions which were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. The Caernarvon Union was formed in 1837 and operated in 16 constituent parishes; Betws Garmon, Clynnog, Llanbeblig, Llanberis, Llanddeniolen, Llanllyfni, Llandwrog, Llanfaglan, Llanfair-is-Gaer, Llanrug, Llanwnda, in Caernarfonshire, and Llanfair-y-Cwmwd, Llangaffo, Llangeinwen, Llanidan and Newborough, in Anglesey. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Caernarvon Union, 1842-1946, comprising records of the Clerk to the Guardians, 1881-1931; Workhouse Master's records, 1842-1946; Relieving Officer's records, 1887-1940; records relating to births, marriages and deaths, 1871-1941; vaccination registers, 1853-1933; and assessment records, 1865-1921.


Language/scripts of material: English, Welsh

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Clerk to the Guardians; Workhouse Master; Relieving Officer; and Non-Poor-Law duties devolving upon the Guardians.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Caernarfon Record Office and the National Library of Wales.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Caernarfon Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded


Related material: Related records are Caernarfon Record Office, XG2/ADD. Further records of the Caernarfon Union are Anglesey Record Office, WG.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used to compile this description: Caernarfon Record Office, Caernarvon Union records, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 8 July 2004.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: July 2004

Caernarvon Union | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Anglesey | Administration
Poor laws | Wales | Gwynedd | Administration

Personal names

Corporate names
Caernarvon Union
Caernarvonshire (Wales) | County Council. | Public Assistance Committee

Anglesey (Wales)
Caernarvonshire (Wales)

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