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Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office
Tanybwlch documents

Reference code(s): GB 0220 Z/DV

Held at: Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office

Title: The Tanybwlch Documents

Short Title: Tanybwlch documents

Creation date(s): 1350-1937

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 0.67 cubic metres (50 boxes)

Name of creator(s): Tanybwlch estate

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Evans family of Tanybwlch, Merionethshire, ended with the children of Evan Evans (d. 1680). His son Robert Evans (d. post-1724) was an imbecile, and in 1680 one of his daughters, and heir, Catherine Evans (d. 1732), married Robert Gruffith (d. 1729) of Bachysaint, near Cricieth, Caernarfonshire, who moved to Tanybwlch. Evan Evans's other daughter, Ann, married Thomas Meyricke (d. c. 1722) of Berth-lwyd, Merionethshire. In about 1717 Evan Griffith (d. c. 1730), son of Robert Gruffith and Catherine his wife, married his cousin Jonet Meyrick (d. 1721), one of the two daughters and sole heir of Thomas Meyrick and Ann his wife, thus uniting Tanybwlch and Berth-lwyd. Jonet died in 1721 giving birth to triplets. Margaret Meyricke, the other daughter, married Thomas Lloyd Anwyl of Hendremur in the parish of Llandecwyn, Merioneth. In the next generation Robert Gruffith (d. 1750) of Tanybwlch married his cousin Ann Anwyl. Their son Evan Gruffydd of Tanybwlch married his cousin Mary Anwyl (d. 1781) daughter of William Anwyl of Hendremur, the brother of Ann. Their daughter Margaret Gruffydd (d. 1809) married William Oakeley (1750-1811), the son of the Rev. William Oakeley of Forton, Staffordshire. In 1817 their son William Gryffydd Oakeley (d. 1835) married Louisa Jane Ness (d. 1879) of Bath, but died without issue and was succeeded in the Tanybwlch estate by his second cousin William Edward Oakeley, son of William Oakeley of Glan William, Merioneth, and grandson of Sir Charles Oakeley, governor of Madras, the brother of William Oakeley (1750-1811).

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: The main part of the archive includes papers relating to the Tanybwlch estate in Maentwrog, Merionethshire, [?1427], 1437-1838, comprising mainly family and estate papers, and deeds and documents relating to properties in the parish of Ffestiniog; papers relating to the Bachysaint estate in Eifionydd, 1350-1730, 1829, comprising mainly family and estate papers, and deeds and documents relating to properties in the town and parish of Cricieth and the town of Pwllheli; and papers relating to the Berth-lwyd estate near Ganllwyd, Merionethshire, 1538-1772, comprising mainly family and estate papers, and deeds and documents relating to properties in the parishes of Llanaber, Llanelltyd and Llanfachreth. There are also a number of miscellaneous, apparently unconnected, documents, [c. 1533]-1729. A supplemental group of papers, 1883-1937 (Z/DV2), mainly comprises annual bundles of vouchers and papers, 1886-1928, and labour and wages accounts, 1888-1924.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English, Latin, Welsh

System of arrangement: There was no natural order in the collection before it reached the record office. The papers have been arranged chronologically within divisions for each main estates, and sub-divisions for family papers, and documents relating to particular parishes and townships.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Meirionnydd Archives, National Library of Wales (Z/DV and Z/DV2 only) and HMC

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at the Meirionnydd Archives have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: This first part of this archive (Z/DV) was found in a cupboard in the kitchen at Tanybwlch, Maentwrog, in September 1962. According to the servants at the mansion, no one had succeeded in opening the cupboard within living memory and the existence of the documents was not known. Indeed, it had been reported that all the extant deeds had been recently burned. This accounts for the fact that there are not many deeds of post-1750 date in the present collection.

Immediate source of acquisition:

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Pedigrees of the Griffith family of Bachysaint are National Library of Wales, Caerynwch 966-7.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Meirionnydd Archives, Catalogue of Tanybwlch Documents.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: March 2002


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Deeds | Wales | Gwynedd
Estate administration | Wales | Bachysaint
Estate administration | Wales | Berthlwyd
Estate administration | Wales | Maentwrog

Personal names
Evans family , of Tanybwlch
Gruffith family , of Bachysaint and Tanybwlch
Meyrick family , of Berth-lwyd
Oakeley family , of Tanybwlch

Corporate names
Berthlwyd Estate (Wales)
Braich-y-saint Estate (Wales)
Tanybwlch estate (Maentwrog, Wales)

Places
Criccieth (Wales)
Ffestiniog (Wales)
Ganllwyd (Wales)
Llanaber (Wales)
Llanelltyd (Wales)
Llanfachreth (Wales)
Maentwrog (Wales)
Pwllheli (Wales)

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