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Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office
Merioneth County Gaol, Dolgellau, records

Reference code(s): GB 0220 Z/QA/G

Held at: Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office

Title: Merioneth County Gaol, Dolgellau, Records

Short Title: Merioneth County Gaol, Dolgellau, records

Creation date(s): 1824-1878 (mainly 1858-1878)

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 20 items

Name of creator(s): Merioneth County Gaol


Administrative/Biographical history: In 1811 it was decided in Quarter Sessions for Merionethshire that a new county gaol was needed in Dolgellau, the county town. The old gaol in Smithfield Square was sold. A new gaol and house of correction was built at Bodlondeb, to the south west of the town, opening in 1813. The Gaol was under the jurisdiction of the Justices of the Peace, High Sheriff and the Gaoler. It also had a surgeon and chaplain attached to it. The inmates were mostly men. The gaol closed on 30 April 1878 and the remaining prisoners were transferred to Ruthun Gaol.


Scope and content/abstract: Records relating to the Merioneth County Gaol, Dolgellau, 1824-1878, including records relating to prisoners' diets, 1858-1877; surgeon's journals, 1860-1875; gaoler's records, 1860-1878; calendar of prisoners, 1828-1832, and register of employment, 1870-1875; and discharge book, 1867-1878.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: proposed alterations; dietary journals; daily provisions consumption account; provisions receipt and consumption book; account book; surgeon's journals; calendar of prisoners; register of prisoners' employment; receipt book of Gaol Keeper; account book of Gaoler; draft county petition; discharge book; and dietary sheet.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Meirionnydd Archives and the National Library of Wales.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: The records formed part of the archive of the Court of Quarter Sessions.

Immediate source of acquisition: No information found


Related material: Further records relating to the County Gaol are in Meirionnydd Archives, ZQS.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. Z/QA/G/1 is missing.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Meirionnydd Archives, Carchar Sir Feirionnydd Dolgellau/Merioneth County Gaol Dolgellau, catalogue; Meirionnydd Archives, Clifton Hotel, Dolgellau, catalogue; Owen, Hugh J., 'The Common Gaols of Merioneth during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries', Cylchgrawn Cymdeithas Hanes a Chofnodion Sir Feirionnydd, III (1), pp. 1-30.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2004

Jails | Wales | Gwynedd
Merioneth County Gaol (Wales) | Archives
Prisons | Wales | Dolgellau | Archives

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Merioneth)
Merioneth County Gaol (Wales)

Dolgellau (Wales)

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