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Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office
Merionethshire Quarter Sessions enrolments, registration, deposits and returns

Reference code(s): GB 0220 Z/QR

Held at: Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office

Title: Merionethshire Quarter Sessions Enrolments, Registration, Deposits and Returns

Short Title: Merionethshire Quarter Sessions enrolments, registration, deposits and returns

Creation date(s): 1738-1949

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Merionethshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Merionethshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction. Records of these bodies were depsoited with the Court.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1738-1949, including annuities, 1785-1842; records relating to the appointment of Deputy Lieutenants, 1832-1840; Constables' records, 1802-1838; Corn Tax certificates, 1821-1827; election records, 1835-1870; enclosure awards and related records, 1809-1869; records relating to friendly societies, 1836-1949; records relating to highways, 1880-1882; jury lists, 1804-1840; Land Tax assessment records, 1861-1949; oath rolls and declarations, 1738-1885; and Turnpike trust records, 1818-1835.

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Annuities; Appointment of officers - Deputy Lieutenant; Building societies; Constables; Corn tax; Elections; Enclosures; Fisheries; Quarter Sessions Friendly Society papers; Highways; Income Tax; Jury lists; Land Tax assessments; Oath rolls and declarations; and Turnpike Trust.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Meirionnydd Archives and the National Library of Wales.

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Meirionnydd Archives have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The main Merionethshire Quarter Sessions records are Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Z/QS.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Sesiynau Chwarter, Papurau Cofrestru, Adneuthau a Ffurlenni/ Quarter Sessions Enrolments, Registration, Deposits and Returns, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History c.1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2004


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Great Britain. | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Merioneth) | Archives
Land value taxation | Wales | Merioneth

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Merioneth)

Places
Merioneth (Wales)

List of repositories  |  List of collections at Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office  |  Repository home page  |  Contact details