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Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office
Merionethshire Quarter Sessions miscellaneous papers

Reference code(s): GB 0220 Z/AS, Z/QF, Z/L, Z/QS/P

Held at: Gwynedd Archives: Meirionnydd Record Office

Title: Merionethshire Quarter Sessions Miscellaneous Papers

Short Title: Merionethshire Quarter Sessions miscellaneous papers

Creation date(s): 1752-1949

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions


Administrative/Biographical history: The Court of Quarter Sessions in Merionethshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543. The Quarter Sessions played a major role in the local administration of Merionethshire until the late nineteenth century, when many of its administrative functions were transferred to the County Council. However, the judicial role of the Courts continued until their abolition in 1971. The Court of Quarter Sessions heard a broad range of cases including burglary, assault, drunkenness, poaching, vagrancy, rioting, unlawful cutting of timber, and encroachment. Forms of punishment handed down by the justices were fines, flogging, imprisonment and transportation. The Court also heard disputes between individuals, such as non-payment of debts, and was responsible for the administration of the Poor Laws. There were numerous administrative matters overseen by the courts, including licensing alehouses, determining wage-levels and controlling registration of charities and nonconformist meeting houses. In addition, the Court had responsibility for overseeing the upkeep of bridges, gaols and houses of correction.


Scope and content/abstract: Miscellaneous records of Merionethshire Court of Quarter Sessions, 1752-1949, including assize papers, 1833-1846; Lieutenancy papers, 1812-1814; financial records, 1752-1947; petitions, 1866-1883.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Assize papers; Quarter Sessions Lieutenancy papers; Finance; Quarter Sessions petitions

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available in Meirionnydd Archives and the National Library of Wales.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Meirionnydd Archives have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded


Related material: The main Merionethshire Quarter Sessions records are Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Z/QS.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Archifdy Meirionnydd Archives, Llys Chwarter Papurau Amrywiol/ Quarter Sessions Miscellaneous Papers, catalogue; Jones, Gareth Elwyn, Modern Wales: A Concise History c.1485-1979 (Cambridge, 1984).

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2004

Court records | Wales | Merioneth
Friendly societies | Wales | Gwynedd
Great Britain. | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Merioneth) | Archives
Land value taxation | Wales | Gwynedd
Local government | Wales | Gwynedd
Roads | Wales | Gwynedd

Personal names

Corporate names
Great Britain | Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace (Merioneth)

Merioneth (Wales)

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