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Bangor University
Florence Nightingale letters

Reference code(s): GB 0222 BMSS FNGL

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Florence Nightingale letters

Short Title: Florence Nightingale letters

Creation date(s): 1882-1883

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 5 items

Name of creator(s): Florence Nightingale


Administrative/Biographical history: Florence Nightingale, (1820-1910), nursing pioneer and reformer, is regarded as the founder of modern nursing. Born in Florence, Italy, she dedicated her life to the care of the sick and war wounded. In 1844, she began to visit hospitals; in 1850, she spent some time with the nursing Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul in Alexandria and a year later studied at the institute for Protestant deaconesses in Kaiserswerth, Germany. In 1854, she organized a unit of 38 nurses for service in the Crimean War. In 1860, she established the Nightingale School for nurse training at St. Thomas's Hospital, London and in 1907 became the first woman to be given the British Order of Merit. Her written works include Notes on Hospital Administration (1857), Notes on Hospitals (1859), Notes on Nursing (1860), and Notes on Nursing for the Labouring Classes (1861). After her death the Crimean Monument at Waterloo Place, London, was erected in her honour and in 1934 the Florence Nightingale International Foundation was inaugurated.
William Rathbone (1818-1902), philanthropist, merchant, ship owner and radical politician was first elected as Member of Parliament for Caernarfonshire in 1880. He retired as MP in 1895.


Scope and content/abstract: This collection contains letters from Florence Nightingale to William Rathbone the MP for Caernarfonshire, concerning public health issues and the typhoid epidemic at Bangor in 1882.


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: Material has been arranged chronologically and incorporated into the General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts .

Conditions governing access: Open to all users

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright conditions apply. Reprographics are made at the discretion of the Archivist.

Finding aids: Item level word processed list is available at the Department of Manuscripts at the University of Wales, Bangor. Reference numbers: General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts: 37616-37620


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Presented by Reverend Peter Gledhill and Mrs Gledhill of Llanedwen, Anglesey.



Note: Description compiled by Anne Lenaghan, August 2001

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Public health | Wales | 19th century
Typhoid fever | Epidemics | Wales | 19th century

Personal names
Nightingale , Florence , 1820-1910
Rathbone , William , 1819-1902

Corporate names

Bangor (Wales)

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